Unmanned aircraft systems; use by public bodies during execution of a search warrant, exception. (SB1301)

Introduced By

Sen. Don McEachin (D-Richmond) with support from co-patron Del. Sam Rasoul (D-Roanoke)

Progress

Introduced
Passed Committee
Passed House
Passed Senate
Signed by Governor
Became Law

Description

Limitations on use of drone aircraft; penalties. Creates a Class 1 misdemeanor for the operation, manufacture, sale, or distribution of an unmanned aircraft system (drone) as a weapon or to deliver a weapon. The bill provides that no governmental agency or organization having jurisdiction over criminal or regulatory violations, including the Department of State Police, nor any local law-enforcement department, may procure a public unmanned aircraft system (drone aircraft) without the approval of the General Assembly or the local governing body, respectively. The bill requires a warrant for governmental use of such an aircraft. Law-enforcement officers and other public officials may operate a public unmanned aircraft system and disclose personal information from such operation under certain emergency situations without a warrant. The bill also provides that it is not unlawful for a public institution of higher education or other research organizations and institutions to operate a drone aircraft solely for research and development purposes. The bill contains extensive procedural guarantees against the release of personal information and establishes reporting requirements by agencies and courts with respect to use of and data collected by such aircraft. Read the Bill »

Outcome

Bill Has Passed

History

  • 01/14/2015 Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/14/15 15102937D
  • 01/14/2015 Referred to Committee for Courts of Justice
  • 01/30/2015 Impact statement from DPB (SB1301)
  • 02/09/2015 Reported from Courts of Justice with substitute (12-Y 1-N) (see vote tally)
  • 02/09/2015 Committee substitute printed 15104945D-S1
  • 02/10/2015 Read second time
  • 02/10/2015 Reading of substitute waived
  • 02/10/2015 Committee substitute agreed to 15104945D-S1
  • 02/10/2015 Passed by temporarily
  • 02/10/2015 Engrossed by Senate - committee substitute SB1301S1
  • 02/10/2015 Constitutional reading dispensed (38-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
  • 02/10/2015 Passed Senate (21-Y 17-N) (see vote tally)
  • 02/12/2015 Placed on Calendar
  • 02/12/2015 Read first time
  • 02/12/2015 Referred to Committee for Courts of Justice
  • 02/13/2015 Reported from Courts of Justice with substitute (21-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
  • 02/13/2015 Committee substitute printed 15105072D-H1
  • 02/16/2015 Read second time
  • 02/17/2015 Passed by for the day
  • 02/18/2015 Passed by for the day
  • 02/18/2015 Impact statement from DPB (SB1301H1)
  • 02/19/2015 Passed by for the day
  • 02/20/2015 Passed by for the day
  • 02/23/2015 Passed by for the day
  • 02/24/2015 Read third time
  • 02/24/2015 Committee substitute agreed to 15105072D-H1
  • 02/24/2015 Amendments by Delegate Cline agreed to
  • 02/24/2015 Engrossed by House - committee substitute with amendments SB1301H1
  • 02/24/2015 Passed House with substitute with amendments (99-Y 0-N)
  • 02/24/2015 VOTE: PASSAGE (99-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
  • 02/25/2015 House substitute with amendments agreed to by Senate (39-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
  • 02/25/2015 Title replaced 15105072D-H1
  • 03/06/2015 Enrolled
  • 03/06/2015 Bill text as passed Senate and House (SB1301ER)
  • 03/06/2015 Impact statement from DPB (SB1301ER)
  • 03/06/2015 Signed by Speaker
  • 03/07/2015 Signed by President
  • 03/10/2015 Enrolled Bill Communicated to Governor on 3/10/15
  • 03/10/2015 G Governor's Action Deadline Midnight, Sunday, March 29, 2015
  • 03/27/2015 Governor's recommendation received by Senate
  • 04/14/2015 Placed on Calendar
  • 04/15/2015 Senate rejected Governor's recommendations #1,#2,#4 (12-Y 27-N 1-A) (see vote tally)
  • 04/15/2015 Senate rejected Governor's recommendation #3 (17-Y 22-N) (see vote tally)
  • 04/15/2015 Reconsideration of Governor's recommendation #3 agreed to (40-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
  • 04/15/2015 Senate rejected Governor's recommendation #3 (17-Y 23-N) (see vote tally)
  • 04/15/2015 Communicated to Governor
  • 04/30/2015 G Approved by Governor-Chapter 774 (effective 7/1/15)
  • 04/30/2015 G Acts of Assembly Chapter text (CHAP0774)

Video

This bill was discussed on the floor of the General Assembly. Below is all of the video that we have of that discussion, 5 clips in all, totaling 27 minutes.

Comments

ACLU-VA Privacy Rights, tracking this bill in Photosynthesis, notes:

The ACLU of Virginia strongly supports this legislation that regulates the use of drones by government agencies. The legislation requires a search warrant for drone use by law or regulatory enforcement agencies and establishes reporting requirements so that the public is aware of the uses being made of drones. The bill also requires approval to purchase drones from the legislature or local governing bodies as appropriate. The bill also makes it a crime for any person to operate a weaponized drone in the Commonwealth.

ACLU-VA Legislative Agenda, tracking this bill in Photosynthesis, notes:

The ACLU of Virginia strongly supports this legislation that regulates the use of drones by government agencies. The legislation requires a search warrant for drone use by law or regulatory enforcement agencies and establishes reporting requirements so that the public is aware of the uses being made of drones. The bill also requires approval to purchase drones from the legislature or local governing bodies as appropriate. The bill also makes it a crime for any person to operate a weaponized drone in the Commonwealth.