Government Data Collection and Dissemination Practices Act; limitation on collection. (SB965)

Introduced By

Sen. Chap Petersen (D-Fairfax) with support from co-patrons Del. Sam Rasoul (D-Roanoke), and Sen. Dick Black (R-Leesburg)


Passed Committee
Passed House
Passed Senate
Signed by Governor
Became Law


Government Data Collection and Dissemination Practices Act; passive collection and use of personal information by law-enforcement agencies. Limits the ability of law-enforcement and regulatory agencies to use technology to collect and maintain personal information on individuals and organizations where a warrant has not been issued and there is no reasonable suspicion of criminal activity by the individual or organization. The bill authorizes law-enforcement agencies to collect information from license plate readers, provided such information (i) is held for no more than seven days and (ii) is not subject to any outside inquiries or internal usage, except in the investigation of a crime or missing persons report. After seven days such collected information must be purged from the system. Read the Bill »


Bill Has Failed


01/09/2015Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/14/15 15103452D
01/09/2015Referred to Committee on General Laws and Technology
01/19/2015Impact statement from DPB (SB965)
01/23/2015Assigned GL&T sub: #1
02/02/2015Reported from General Laws and Technology with amendments (12-Y 3-N) (see vote tally)
02/04/2015Constitutional reading dispensed (37-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
02/05/2015Read second time
02/05/2015Reading of amendments waived
02/05/2015Committee amendments agreed to
02/05/2015Engrossed by Senate as amended SB965E
02/05/2015Printed as engrossed 15103452D-E
02/06/2015Read third time and passed Senate (38-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
02/10/2015Placed on Calendar
02/10/2015Read first time
02/10/2015Referred to Committee for Courts of Justice
02/11/2015Referred from Courts of Justice
02/11/2015Referred to Committee on Militia, Police and Public Safety
02/13/2015Reported from Militia, Police and Public Safety with substitute (17-Y 4-N) (see vote tally)
02/13/2015Committee substitute printed 15105094D-H1
02/16/2015Read second time
02/17/2015Read third time
02/17/2015Committee substitute agreed to 15105094D-H1
02/17/2015Engrossed by House - committee substitute SB965H1
02/17/2015Passed House with substitute (95-Y 4-N)
02/17/2015VOTE: PASSAGE (95-Y 4-N) (see vote tally)
02/19/2015House substitute rejected by Senate (3-Y 35-N) (see vote tally)
02/20/2015House insisted on substitute
02/20/2015House requested conference committee
02/24/2015Senate acceded to request (39-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
02/24/2015Conferees appointed by Senate
02/24/2015Senators:Petersen, Garrett, Stuart
02/25/2015Conferees appointed by House
02/25/2015Delegates: Anderson, Cline, Rasoul
02/26/2015C Amended by conference committee
02/26/2015Conference substitute printed 15105622D-S1
02/26/2015Conference report agreed to by Senate (38-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
02/27/2015Conference report agreed to by House (97-Y 0-N)
02/27/2015VOTE: ADOPTION (97-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
02/27/2015Impact statement from DPB (SB965S1)
03/06/2015Bill text as passed Senate and House (SB965ER)
03/06/2015Impact statement from DPB (SB965ER)
03/06/2015Signed by Speaker
03/07/2015Signed by President
03/10/2015Enrolled Bill Communicated to Governor on 3/10/15
03/10/2015G Governor's Action Deadline Midnight, Sunday, March 29, 2015
03/27/2015Governor's recommendation received by Senate
04/14/2015Placed on Calendar
04/15/2015Passed by temporarily
04/15/2015Passed by for the day
04/17/2015Communicated to Governor
04/30/2015G Vetoed by Governor


This bill was discussed on the floor of the General Assembly. Below is all of the video that we have of that discussion, 3 clips in all, totaling 2 minutes.


ACLU-VA Privacy Rights, tracking this bill in Photosynthesis, notes:

The ACLU of Virginia believes that current law prohibits passive collection of personal information by police but supports legislation, such as HB 1528, which would clarify the limitations on use of ALPR’s by government agencies in accordance with former Attorney General Cuccinelli’s February 2013 opinion that concluded that the “passive” use of ALPRs to create massive databases violates Virginia’s Government Data Collection and Dissemination Practices Act. The ACLU of Virginia supports passage of legislation that would rein in the surveillance of Virginians not suspected of any criminal activity.