United States Constitution; Equal Rights Amendment. (SJ216)

Introduced By

Sen. Adam Ebbin (D-Alexandria) with support from co-patron Del. Patrick Hope (D-Arlington)


Passed Committee
Passed House
Passed Senate


United States Constitution; Equal Rights Amendment. Ratifies the Equal Rights Amendment to the United States Constitution that was proposed by Congress in 1972. The joint resolution advocates the position that the 1972 Equal Rights Amendment remains viable and may be ratified notwithstanding the expiration of the 10-year ratification period set out in the resolving clause, as amended, in the proposal adopted by Congress. Read the Bill »


Bill Has Failed


11/07/2014Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/14/15 15100396D
11/07/2014Referred to Committee on Privileges and Elections
01/22/2015Assigned to P&E sub: Constitutional Amendments
01/27/2015Reported from Privileges and Elections (8-Y 7-N) (see vote tally)
01/29/2015Reading waived (39-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
01/30/2015Read second time and engrossed
02/02/2015Passed by for the day
02/03/2015Read third time and agreed to by Senate (21-Y 17-N) (see vote tally)
02/03/2015Reconsideration of passage agreed to by Senate (37-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
02/03/2015Passed by for the day
02/04/2015Passed by for the day
02/05/2015Read third time and agreed to by Senate (20-Y 18-N) (see vote tally)
02/09/2015Placed on Calendar
02/09/2015Referred to Committee on Privileges and Elections
02/24/2015Left in Privileges and Elections

Duplicate Bills

The following bills are identical to this one: HJ495.


Simone Roberts writes:

Dear Delegates,

Please bring the Equal Rights Amendment to the floor at the earliest opportunity in 2015. Killing it in subcommittee will not do. Your stance on this civil rights and economics issue must be public, and proud.

Simone Roberts

Laura Richards writes:

Bringing the Equal Rights Amendment to the floor will set a message that we Virginians are forward-thinking, equal-minded people. The public supports this bill. This bill has been stuck for far too long.

Laura Richards

Jody Taylor writes:

I do not support this amendment. Citizens retain all rights under our current law no matter what sex they are. Adding a new amendment for sex (men, women,transgender, no gender? etc.) to be enforced by Congress only invites more thousands of pages of expensive regulations, programs, etc. to somehow pretend we don't have different sexes of people or somehow neutralize the fact that we do.
This amendment is totally unnecessary and would potentially be as harmful as the Title IX disaster.

Simone Roberts writes:

I write to urge you to support ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment in 2015 (SJ216). The Equal Rights Amendment is a civil rights and economic stability issue for all women and communities in Virginia — and the nation.

Women are not yet fully recognized citizens in the Constitution. That’s why we have this patch work of laws “protecting” us. We are not otherwise fully enfranchised citizens assure of our civil rights.

The 14th Amendment to the Constitution is often cited as a reason not to pass the ERA because it provides equality, thus making the ERA no longer necessary (and one that Virginian legislators often point to). Unfortunately, Section 2 of the 14th Amendment goes to deliberate lengths to exclude women, with the wording male citizen and male inhabitant 3. Exclusion of women from the 14th was carefully designed. The 19th Amendment would not have been necessary to give females the right to vote, had the 14th Amendment been written more inclusively.

The simplest route to reducing the number of public school children living in poverty — which interferes with learning — is to pay their mothers equally.

The Congress has passed four laws since the 1963 Equal Pay Act, in attempts to assure women pay equity in the workplace. All of these leave the burden on women to discover inequality and sue for compensation, rather than on the employer to be on the bright side of the law. The Equal Rights Amendment would reduce the number of civil cases of women seeking compensation for lost wages. The ERA would assure women and families of an average increase of 23% more income–more in communities of color, where women earn as little as 64 cents to a white man’s dollar. Most of these women are mothers, and that missing pay a real hardship for their children, leading to long-term educational deficits. This missing annual income also negatively affects women’s 401(k) contributions, and the Social Security they are saving for themselves. The ERA would increase middle class economic power in the present, put American school children in a better position to learn, and reduce the number of economically stressed or poor senior citizens (most of whom are women) in the future.

There is no downside to this amendment. I invite you to read further on its benefits here: Virginia ERA Network.

I ask that you encourage and support your colleagues in the Senate, and especially the House of the Delegates, to bring the ERA to the floor for a public and affirmative vote for ratification. No matter of American’s civil rights should dealt with in secret. Stand proudly by your positions on women’s equality.

Work progresses, the meanwhile, to lift the arbitrary deadline in the US Congress. The states wait for Congress. Congress waits for the states. Virginia could be the state to bring all American women out of this catch-22. At long last, it could be Virginia that makes all the difference for women.

Let Virginia be a proud leader for civil rights and economic stability in the 21st Century.

Women belong in the Constitution. It’s time.

With my thanks for your service,
Simone Roberts
Zlexandria, VA
Virginia NOW