Student journalists; freedom of speech and the press, definitions. (HB36)

Introduced By

Del. Chris Hurst (D-Blacksburg) with support from co-patron Del. Danica Roem (D-Manassas Park)


Passed Committee
Passed House
Passed Senate
Signed by Governor
Became Law


Public institutions of higher education; student journalists; freedom of speech and the press. Declares that, except in certain limited circumstances, a student journalist at a public institution of higher education has the right to exercise freedom of speech and the press in institution-sponsored media, including determining the news and opinion content of institution-sponsored media, regardless of whether the media is supported financially by the governing board of the institution, supported through the use of campus facilities, or produced in conjunction with a course in which the student is enrolled. The bill defines "institution-sponsored media" as any material that is prepared, substantially written, published, or broadcast by a student journalist at a public institution of higher education under the direction of a student media adviser and distributed or generally made available to members of the student body. Read the Bill »


Bill Has Passed


11/19/2019Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/08/20 20100406D
11/19/2019Referred to Committee on Education
01/13/2020Impact statement from DPB (HB36)
01/13/2020Assigned Education sub: Post-Secondary and Higher Ed
01/29/2020Subcommittee recommends reporting with substitute (5-Y 3-N)
02/03/2020Reported from Education with substitute (20-Y 2-N) (see vote tally)
02/03/2020Committee substitute printed 20104720D-H1
02/05/2020Impact statement from DPB (HB36H1)
02/05/2020Read first time
02/06/2020Read second time
02/06/2020Committee substitute agreed to 20104720D-H1
02/06/2020Engrossed by House - committee substitute HB36H1
02/07/2020Read third time and passed House (86-Y 14-N)
02/07/2020VOTE: Passage (86-Y 14-N) (see vote tally)
02/10/2020Constitutional reading dispensed
02/10/2020Referred to Committee on Education and Health
02/27/2020Reported from Education and Health with amendments (9-Y 5-N) (see vote tally)
02/28/2020Constitutional reading dispensed (37-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
03/02/2020Read third time
03/02/2020Passed by for the day
03/03/2020Read third time
03/03/2020Reading of amendments waived
03/03/2020Committee amendments agreed to
03/03/2020Amendments by Senator Petersen agreed to
03/03/2020Engrossed by Senate as amended
03/03/2020Passed Senate with amendments (28-Y 12-N) (see vote tally)
03/03/2020Reconsideration of Senate passage agreed to by Senate (39-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
03/03/2020Passed Senate with amendments (29-Y 11-N) (see vote tally)
03/04/2020Placed on Calendar
03/04/2020Senate amendments rejected by House (1-Y 95-N)
03/04/2020VOTE: REJECTED (1-Y 95-N) (see vote tally)
03/05/2020Senate insisted on amendments (32-Y 4-N) (see vote tally)
03/05/2020Senate requested conference committee
03/05/2020House acceded to request
03/05/2020Conferees appointed by House
03/05/2020Delegates: Hurst, Roem, Rush
03/05/2020Conferees appointed by Senate
03/05/2020Senators: Boysko, Hashmi, Cosgrove
03/07/2020C Amended by conference committee
03/07/2020Conference substitute printed 20109858D-H2
03/07/2020Conference report agreed to by House (79-Y 16-N)
03/07/2020VOTE: Adoption (79-Y 16-N) (see vote tally)
03/07/2020Conference report agreed to by Senate (28-Y 10-N 1-A) (see vote tally)
03/07/2020Reconsideration of conference report agreed to by Senate (40-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
03/07/2020Conference report agreed to by Senate (28-Y 11-N) (see vote tally)
03/18/2020Bill text as passed House and Senate (HB36ER)
03/18/2020Signed by President
03/19/2020Signed by Speaker
03/20/2020Impact statement from DPB (HB36ER)
03/20/2020Enrolled Bill communicated to Governor on March 20, 2020
03/20/2020G Governor's Action Deadline 11:59 p.m., April 11, 2020
04/09/2020G Approved by Governor-Chapter 947 (effective 7/1/20)
04/09/2020G Acts of Assembly Chapter text (CHAP0947)


This bill was discussed on the floor of the General Assembly. Below is all of the video that we have of that discussion, 1 clip in all, totaling 2 minutes.