Law-enforcement officer training & qualifications; DCJS to develop uniform curriculum & plans, etc. (HB5109)

Introduced By

Del. Patrick Hope (D-Arlington) with support from co-patron Del. Kaye Kory (D-Falls Church)


Passed Committee
Passed House
Passed Senate
Signed by Governor
Became Law


Department of Criminal Justice Services; law-enforcement officer training and qualifications. Requires the Department of Criminal Justice Services (the Department) to develop a uniform curriculum and lesson plans for the compulsory minimum entry-level, in-service, and advanced training standards to be employed by criminal justice training academies approved by the Department when conducting training. The bill also requires the Department to include the recognition of implicit biases in interacting with persons who have a mental illness, substance use disorder, or developmental or cognitive disability in its (i) training standards and model policies; (ii) compulsory training standards for basic training and recertification of law-enforcement officers; and (iii) operating procedures, guidelines, and standards for community policing in order to ensure sensitivity to and awareness of systemic and individual racism, cultural diversity, and the potential for bias-based profiling. The bill also requires the Department to include training in de-escalation techniques and training in the lawful use of force, including the use of force only when necessary to protect the law-enforcement officer or another person in the compulsory training standards for basic training and recertification. The bill requires the Department to establish compulsory in-service training standards for law-enforcement officers in the following subjects: (a) relevant state and federal laws; (b) awareness of cultural diversity and the potential for bias-based profiling; (c) de-escalation techniques; (d) working with individuals with disabilities, mental health needs, or substance use disorders; and (e) the lawful use of force, including the use of deadly force only when necessary to protect the law-enforcement officer or another person. In addition, the bill adds to the minimum qualifications to become a law-enforcement officer or a jail officer the requirement that such person undergo a psychological examination, subsequent to a conditional offer of employment, conducted under the supervision of a licensed psychologist or other licensed mental health professional. The bill requires the Department to establish requirements for compulsory mental health examinations for law-enforcement officers, jail officers, and correctional officers that include guidelines on the implementation of such mental health examinations. Finally, the bill requires any criminal justice training academy approved by the Department to employ such uniform curriculum and lesson plans and requires the Department to conduct annual evaluations of each criminal justice training academy's compliance with uniform curriculum and lesson plans. The bill allows an approved criminal justice training academy to petition the Department for a waiver and requires the Department to grant a waiver if the academy meets and exceeds compulsory minimum training standards and substantially complies with the content of uniform curriculum and lesson plans developed by the Department. Read the Bill »


Bill Has Passed


08/21/2020Presented and ordered printed 20200924D
08/21/2020Referred to Committee on Public Safety
08/25/2020House committee, floor amendments and substitutes offered
08/25/2020Reported from Public Safety with amendment (21-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
08/25/2020Referred to Committee on Appropriations
08/31/2020Impact statement from DPB (HB5109)
08/31/2020Reported from Appropriations (22-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
09/02/2020Impact statement from DPB (HB5109)
09/02/2020Read first time
09/03/2020Read second time
09/03/2020Committee amendment agreed to
09/03/2020Engrossed by House as amended HB5109E
09/03/2020Printed as engrossed 20200924D-E
09/04/2020Read third time and passed House (97-Y 1-N)
09/04/2020VOTE: Passage (97-Y 1-N) (see vote tally)
09/09/2020Constitutional reading dispensed
09/09/2020Referred to Committee on the Judiciary
09/10/2020Impact statement from DPB (HB5109E)
09/16/2020Senate committee, floor amendments and substitutes offered
09/16/2020Reported from Judiciary with substitute (12-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
09/16/2020Committee substitute printed 20201189D-S1
09/16/2020Rereferred to Finance and Appropriations
09/24/2020Impact statement from DPB (HB5109S1)
09/24/2020Reported from Finance and Appropriations (16-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
09/25/2020Constitutional reading dispensed (36-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
10/01/2020Read third time
10/01/2020Reading of substitute waived
10/01/2020Committee substitute agreed to
10/01/2020Engrossed by Senate - committee substitute HB5109S1
10/01/2020Passed Senate with substitute (40-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
10/01/2020Reconsideration of passage agreed to by Senate (40-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
10/01/2020Passed by for the day
10/02/2020Floor substitute printed 20201293D-S2 (Locke)
10/02/2020Read third time
10/02/2020Committee substitute reconsidered (38-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
10/02/2020Reading of substitute waived
10/02/2020Substitute by Senator Locke agreed to
10/02/2020Engrossed by Senate - floor substitute HB5109S2
10/02/2020Passed Senate with substitute (24-Y 14-N) (see vote tally)
10/07/2020Placed on Calendar
10/07/2020Senate substitute agreed to by House 20201293D-S2 (60-Y 36-N)
10/07/2020VOTE: Adoption (60-Y 36-N) (see vote tally)
10/13/2020Impact statement from DPB (HB5109S2)
10/14/2020Bill text as passed House and Senate (HB5109ER)
10/14/2020Signed by Speaker
10/14/2020Signed by President
10/19/2020Impact statement from DPB (HB5109ER)
10/21/2020Enrolled Bill communicated to Governor on October 21, 2020
10/21/2020G Governor's Action Deadline 11:59 p.m., October 28, 2020
10/28/2020Governor's recommendation received by House
11/09/2020G Approved by Governor-Chapter 48 (Per article IV, Section 13, this bill will be effective on the
11/09/20201st day of the 4th month following the month of adjournment, sine die, of this special session)
11/09/2020House concurred in Governor's recommendation (58-Y 39-N)
11/09/2020VOTE: Adoption (58-Y 39-N)
11/09/2020Senate concurred in Governor's recommendation (21-Y 18-N) (see vote tally)
11/09/2020G Governor's recommendation adopted
11/09/2020Reenrolled bill text (HB5109ER2)
11/09/2020Signed by Speaker as reenrolled
11/09/2020Signed by President as reenrolled
11/09/2020Enacted, Chapter 48 (effective 3/1/21)
11/09/2020G Acts of Assembly Chapter text (CHAP0048)