Employees of local governments; collective bargaining. (HB582)

Introduced By

Del. Elizabeth Guzman (D-Dale City) with support from co-patrons Del. Paul Krizek (D-Alexandria), Del. Mike Mullin (D-Newport News), Del. Ibraheem Samirah (D-Herndon), Del. Kathy Tran (D-Springfield), and Del. Rodney Willett (D-Henrico)


Passed Committee
Passed House
Passed Senate
Signed by Governor
Became Law


Labor and employment; collective bargaining; employees of counties, cities, and towns. Permits counties, cities, and towns to adopt local ordinances authorizing them to (i) recognize any labor union or other employee association as a bargaining agent of any public officers or employees, except for Constitutional officers and their employees, and including public school employees and (ii) collectively bargain or enter into any collective bargaining contract with any such union or association or its agents with respect to any matter relating to them or their employment. The bill provides that for any governing body of a county, city, or town that has not adopted an ordinance or resolution providing for collective bargaining, such governing body is required, within 120 days of receiving certification from a majority of public employees in a unit considered by such employees to be appropriate for the purposes of collective bargaining, to take a vote to adopt or not adopt an ordinance or resolution to provide for collective bargaining by such public employees and any other public employees deemed appropriate by the governing body. The bill provides that the prohibition against striking for public employees applies, irrespective of any such local ordinance. This bill is identical to SB 939. Read the Bill »


Bill Has Passed


01/06/2020Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/08/20 20104418D
01/06/2020Referred to Committee on Labor and Commerce
01/28/2020Impact statement from DPB (HB582)
01/28/2020House committee, floor amendments and substitutes offered
01/28/2020Committee substitute printed 20106939D-H1
01/28/2020Incorporates HB327 (Levine)
01/28/2020Reported from Labor and Commerce with substitute (12-Y 9-N) (see vote tally)
01/28/2020Referred to Committee on Appropriations
01/29/2020Reported from Appropriations with substitute (12-Y 8-N)
01/29/2020House committee, floor amendments and substitutes offered
01/29/2020Reported from Appropriations with amendments (12-Y 8-N) (see vote tally)
01/31/2020Read first time
02/03/2020Impact statement from DHCD/CLG (HB582)
02/03/2020Read second time
02/03/2020Committee substitute on Labor and Commerce agreed to 20106939D-H1
02/03/2020Committee on Appropriations amendments agreed to
02/03/2020Passed by for the day
02/04/2020Passed by for the day
02/05/2020Impact statement from DPB (HB582H1)
02/05/2020Impact statement from DHCD/CLG (HB582)
02/05/2020Read second time
02/05/2020Motion to pass by Delegate O'Quinn's amendments temporarily agreed to
02/05/2020Amendments #3 and #4 by Delegate Simon withdrawn
02/05/2020Amendments #1, #2, #5 and #6 by Delegate Simon agreed to
02/05/2020Amendments by Delegate Simon agreed to
02/05/2020Amendments by Delegate O'Quinn withdrawn
02/05/2020Pending question ordered
02/05/2020Engrossed by House - committee substitute with amendments HB582EH1
02/05/2020Printed as engrossed 20106939D-EH1
02/06/2020Impact statement from DPB (HB582EH1)
02/06/2020Read third time and passed House (54-Y 45-N)
02/06/2020VOTE: Passage (54-Y 45-N) (see vote tally)
02/07/2020Constitutional reading dispensed
02/07/2020Referred to Committee on Commerce and Labor
02/24/2020Reported from Commerce and Labor with substitute (12-Y 3-N) (see vote tally)
02/24/2020Committee substitute printed 20109070D-S1
02/24/2020Rereferred to Finance and Appropriations
03/02/2020Reported from Finance and Appropriations (8-Y 3-N) (see vote tally)
03/04/2020Constitutional reading dispensed (40-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
03/05/2020Read third time
03/05/2020Reading of substitute waived
03/05/2020Committee substitute agreed to 20109070D-S1
03/05/2020Engrossed by Senate - committee substitute HB582S1
03/05/2020Passed Senate with substitute (21-Y 19-N) (see vote tally)
03/05/2020Senate substitute agreed to by House 20109070D-S1 (52-Y 46-N)
03/05/2020VOTE: Adoption (52-Y 46-N) (see vote tally)
03/05/2020Reconsideration of Senate substitute agreed to by House
03/05/2020Senate substitute rejected by House 20109070D-S1 (0-Y 97-N)
03/05/2020VOTE: REJECTED #2 (0-Y 97-N) (see vote tally)
03/05/2020Senate insisted on substitute (22-Y 18-N) (see vote tally)
03/05/2020Senate requested conference committee
03/05/2020House acceded to request
03/05/2020Conferees appointed by House
03/05/2020Delegates: Guzman, Krizek, Knight
03/05/2020Conferees appointed by Senate
03/05/2020Senators: Saslaw, Barker, Norment
03/07/2020C Amended by conference committee
03/07/2020Conference substitute printed 20109911D-H2
03/07/2020Conference report agreed to by House (53-Y 46-N)
03/07/2020VOTE: Adoption (53-Y 46-N) (see vote tally)
03/08/2020Conference report agreed to by Senate (21-Y 18-N) (see vote tally)
03/18/2020Bill text as passed House and Senate (HB582ER)
03/18/2020Signed by President
03/19/2020Signed by Speaker
03/20/2020Impact statement from DPB (HB582ER)
03/20/2020Enrolled Bill communicated to Governor on March 20, 2020
03/20/2020G Governor's Action Deadline 11:59 p.m., April 11, 2020
04/11/2020Governor's recommendation received by House
04/22/2020Placed on Calendar
04/22/2020House concurred in Governor's recommendation (49-Y 44-N)
04/22/2020Senate concurred in Governor's recommendation (20-Y 20-N) (see vote tally)
04/22/2020Chair votes Yes
04/22/2020G Governor's recommendation adopted
04/22/2020Reenrolled bill text (HB582ER2)
04/22/2020Signed by Speaker as reenrolled
04/22/2020Signed by President as reenrolled
04/22/2020Enacted, Chapter 1209 (effective 5/1/21)
04/22/2020VOTE: (49-Y 44-N)
04/22/2020G Acts of Assembly Chapter text (CHAP1209)
05/01/2020VOTE: (49-Y 44-N)


This bill was discussed on the floor of the General Assembly. Below is all of the video that we have of that discussion, 11 clips in all, totaling 8 minutes.

Duplicate Bills

The following bills are identical to this one: SB1022.


Lenee Wade writes:

Please pass this legislation. I am a public school teacher in Norfolk, and I have been subjected to increasing demands on my time with no raise in pay. Teachers deserve a functioning union to advocate for us against a bureaucracy that does not have our best interests at heart.

Phillip A. Sullivan writes:

Collective bargaining is not a good fit for public employees in general, we do not have the tax base in SWVA to support the salaries that collective bargaining generates. Quite simply, local governments cannot bargain for the terms and conditions of employment because the cost of such luxuries are outside of the control of the locality. Ultimately, this will result in fewer employees as salaries become higher.