Virginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Act; tenant remedies for exclusion from dwelling unit. (HB1900)

Introduced By

Del. Sally Hudson (D-Charlottesville) with support from 16 copatrons, whose average partisan position is:

Those copatrons are Del. Dawn Adams (D-Richmond), Del. Lamont Bagby (D-Richmond), Del. David Bulova (D-Fairfax), Del. Betsy Carr (D-Richmond), Del. Lee Carter (D-Manassas), Del. Elizabeth Guzman (D-Dale City), Del. Chris Hurst (D-Blacksburg), Del. Mark Keam (D-Vienna), Del. Kaye Kory (D-Falls Church), Del. Kathleen Murphy (D-McLean), Del. Ken Plum (D-Reston), Del. Cia Price (D-Newport News), Del. Sam Rasoul (D-Roanoke), Del. Ibraheem Samirah (D-Herndon), Del. Marcus Simon (D-Falls Church), Del. Shelly Simonds (D-Newport News)


Passed Committee
Passed House
Passed Senate
Signed by Governor
Became Law


Virginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Act; tenant remedies for exclusion from dwelling unit, interruption of services, or actions taken to make premises unsafe. Provides that a general district court shall enter an order upon petition by a tenant that his landlord has (i) removed or excluded the tenant from the dwelling unit unlawfully, (ii) interrupted or caused the interruption of an essential service to the tenant, or (iii) taken action to make the premises unsafe for habitation. The bill allows entry of a preliminary order ex parte to require the landlord to allow the tenant to recover possession of the dwelling unit, resume any such interrupted essential service, or fix any willful actions taken by the landlord or his agent to make the premises unsafe for habitation if there is good cause to do so and the tenant made reasonable efforts to notify the landlord of the hearing. The bill requires that any ex parte order entered shall further indicate a date for a full hearing on the petition that is no later than 10 days from the initial hearing date. Finally, the bill provides that, at a full hearing on such petition and upon proper evidence presented, the tenant shall recover actual damages, the greater of $5,000 or four months' rent, and reasonable attorney fees. This bill is identical to SB 1215. Read the Bill »


03/30/2021: signed by governor


01/08/2021Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/13/21 21102519D
01/08/2021Referred to Committee on General Laws
01/12/2021Assigned GL sub: Housing/Consumer Protection
01/14/2021House subcommittee amendments and substitutes offered
01/14/2021Subcommittee recommends reporting with amendment (6-Y 1-N)
01/19/2021House committee, floor amendments and substitutes offered
01/19/2021Reported from General Laws with amendment(s) (13-Y 8-N) (see vote tally)
01/19/2021Impact statement from DPB (HB1900)
01/20/2021Read first time
01/21/2021Read second time
01/21/2021Committee amendments agreed to
01/21/2021Engrossed by House as amended HB1900E
01/21/2021Printed as engrossed 21102519D-E
01/22/2021Read third time and passed House (54-Y 44-N)
01/22/2021VOTE: Passage (54-Y 44-N) (see vote tally)
01/25/2021Constitutional reading dispensed
01/25/2021Referred to Committee on General Laws and Technology
01/29/2021Impact statement from DPB (HB1900E)
02/05/2021Continued to 2021 Sp. Sess. 1 in General Laws and Technology (14-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
02/17/2021Reported from General Laws and Technology (9-Y 5-N) (see vote tally)
02/19/2021Constitutional reading dispensed (32-Y 0-N)
02/22/2021Read third time
02/22/2021Passed by for the day
02/23/2021Read third time
02/23/2021Reading of amendment waived
02/23/2021Amendment by Senator Petersen agreed to
02/23/2021Engrossed by Senate as amended
02/23/2021Passed Senate with amendment (21-Y 18-N)
02/24/2021Placed on Calendar
02/24/2021Senate amendment rejected by House (1-Y 97-N)
02/24/2021VOTE: REJECTED (1-Y 97-N)
02/25/2021Senate insisted on amendment (35-Y 2-N)
02/25/2021Senate requested conference committee
02/25/2021House acceded to request
02/25/2021Conferees appointed by House
02/25/2021Delegates: Hudson, Simon, Fowler
02/25/2021Conferees appointed by Senate
02/25/2021Senators: Locke, Petersen, McClellan
02/27/2021C Amended by conference committee
02/27/2021Conference report agreed to by House (54-Y 45-N)
02/27/2021VOTE: Agreed To (54-Y 45-N)
02/27/2021Passed by temporarily
02/27/2021Conference report agreed to by Senate (20-Y 19-N)
03/09/2021Bill text as passed House and Senate (HB1900ER)
03/09/2021Signed by President
03/11/2021Signed by Speaker
03/15/2021Enrolled Bill communicated to Governor on March 15, 2021
03/15/2021G Governor's Action Deadline 11:59 p.m., March 31, 2021
03/17/2021Impact statement from DPB (HB1900ER)
03/30/2021G Approved by Governor-Chapter 403 (effective 7/1/21)
03/30/2021G Acts of Assembly Chapter text (CHAP0403)