Victims of sex trafficking; affirmative defense to prosecution for certain offenses. (HB2234)

Introduced By

Del. Emily Brewer (R-Suffolk) with support from co-patrons Del. Kelly Fowler (D-Virginia Beach), Del. Mark Keam (D-Vienna), and Del. Mark Levine (D-Alexandria)


Passed Committee
Passed House
Passed Senate
Signed by Governor
Became Law


Victims of sex trafficking; affirmative defense to prosecution for certain offenses. Provides an affirmative defense to prosecution for prostitution and keeping, residing in, or frequenting a bawdy place if, at the time of the offense leading to such charge, such person was a victim of sex trafficking, as defined in the bill, and (i) was coerced to engage in the offense through the use of force or intimidation or (ii) such offense was committed at the direction of another person other than the individual with whom the person engaged in the acts of prostitution or unlawful sexual intercourse for such money or its equivalent. Read the Bill »


03/24/2021: signed by governor


01/13/2021Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/13/21 21101740D
01/13/2021Referred to Committee for Courts of Justice
01/18/2021Impact statement from DPB (HB2234)
01/21/2021Assigned Courts sub: Criminal
01/22/2021Subcommittee recommends reporting with substitute (8-Y 0-N)
01/27/2021Committee substitute printed 21103605D-H1
01/27/2021Reported from Courts of Justice with substitute (22-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
01/28/2021Read first time
01/29/2021Read second time
01/29/2021Committee substitute agreed to 21103605D-H1
01/29/2021Engrossed by House - committee substitute HB2234H1
01/31/2021Impact statement from DPB (HB2234H1)
02/01/2021Read third time and passed House BLOCK VOTE (100-Y 0-N)
02/01/2021VOTE: Block Vote Passage (100-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
02/02/2021Constitutional reading dispensed
02/02/2021Referred to Committee on the Judiciary
02/05/2021Continued to 2021 Sp. Sess. 1 in Judiciary (14-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
02/10/2021Assigned Judiciary sub: Criminal Law
02/17/2021Reported from Judiciary (14-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
02/19/2021Constitutional reading dispensed (32-Y 0-N)
02/22/2021Senate committee, floor amendments and substitutes offered
02/22/2021Floor substitute printed 21200467D-S1 (Edwards)
02/22/2021Read third time
02/22/2021Reading of substitute waived
02/22/2021Substitute by Senator agreed to 21200467D-S1
02/22/2021Engrossed by Senate - floor substitute HB2234S1
02/22/2021Passed Senate with substitute (39-Y 0-N)
02/23/2021VOTE: Adoption (1-Y 96-N)
02/23/2021Placed on Calendar
02/23/2021Senate substitute rejected by House 21200467D-S1 (1-Y 96-N)
02/23/2021VOTE: REJECTED (1-Y 96-N)
02/24/2021Senate insisted on substitute (39-Y 0-N)
02/24/2021Senate requested conference committee
02/25/2021House acceded to request
02/25/2021Conferees appointed by House
02/25/2021Delegates: Brewer, Convirs-Fowler, Delaney
02/25/2021Impact statement from DPB (HB2234S1)
02/25/2021Conferees appointed by Senate
02/25/2021Senators: Edwards, McClellan, Stuart
02/27/2021C Amended by conference committee
02/27/2021Conference report agreed to by House (98-Y 0-N)
02/27/2021VOTE: Agreed To (98-Y 0-N)
02/27/2021Conference report agreed to by Senate (39-Y 0-N)
03/09/2021Bill text as passed House and Senate (HB2234ER)
03/09/2021Signed by President
03/11/2021Signed by Speaker
03/15/2021Enrolled Bill communicated to Governor on March 15, 2021
03/15/2021G Governor's Action Deadline 11:59 p.m., March 31, 2021
03/16/2021Impact statement from DPB (HB2234ER)
03/24/2021G Approved by Governor-Chapter 334 (effective 7/1/21)
03/24/2021G Acts of Assembly Chapter text (CHAP0334)

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