Marcus alert system; participation in the system is optional for localities, etc. (HB1191)

Introduced By

Del. Margaret Ransone (R-Kinsale) with support from 19 copatrons, whose average partisan position is:

Those copatrons are Del. John Avoli (R-Staunton), Del. Jason Ballard (R-Pearisburg), Del. Amanda Batten (R-Toano), Del. Emily Brewer (R-Suffolk), Del. Ronnie Campbell (R-Raphine), Del. Mike Cherry (R-Colonial Heights), Tara Durant (R-Fredericksburg), Del. Buddy Fowler (R-Ashland), Del. Karen Greenhalgh (R-Virginia Beach), Del. Keith Hodges (R-Urbanna), Del. Dave LaRock (R-Loudoun), Del. Marie March (R-Floyd), Del. Roxann Robinson (R-Chesterfield), Del. Chris Runion (R-Bridgewater), Del. Kim Taylor (R-Dinwiddie), Del. Wendell Walker (R-Lynchburg), Del. Bill Wiley (R-Winchester), Del. Tommy Wright (R-Victoria), Del. Scott Wyatt (R-Mechanicsville)


Passed Committee
Passed House
Passed Senate
Signed by Governor
Became Law


Marcus alert system; participation. Extends the date by which localities shall establish voluntary databases to be made available to the 9-1-1 alert system and the Marcus alert system to provide relevant mental health information and emergency contact information for appropriate response to an emergency or crisis from July 1, 2021, to July 1, 2023, and provides an exemption to the requirement that localities establish protocols for local law-enforcement agencies to enter into memorandums of agreement with mobile crisis response providers regarding requests for law-enforcement back-up during mobile crisis or community care team response and minimum standards, best practices, and a system for the review and approval of protocols for law-enforcement participation in the Marcus alert system for localities with a population that is less than or equal to 40,000, so that localities with a population that is less than or equal to 40,000 may but are not required to establish such protocols. The bill also requires the Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services to include in its annual report to the Governor and the Chairmen of the House Committees for Courts of Justice and on Health, Welfare and Institutions, the Senate Committees on the Judiciary and Education and Health, and the Behavioral Health Commission information regarding barriers to establishment of local Marcus alert programs and community care or mobile crisis teams to provide mobile crisis response in geographical areas served by community services boards or behavioral health agencies in which such programs and teams have not been established and a plan for addressing such barriers. This bill is identical to SB 361. Read the Bill »


Bill Has Passed


01/17/2022Presented and ordered printed 22103509D
01/17/2022Referred to Committee on Public Safety
02/02/2022Impact statement from DPB (HB1191)
02/08/2022Assigned PS sub: Subcommittee #2
02/10/2022Subcommittee recommends reporting with substitute (7-Y 1-N)
02/10/2022House subcommittee amendments and substitutes offered
02/11/2022Reported from Public Safety with substitute (12-Y 9-N) (see vote tally)
02/11/2022Committee substitute printed 22106450D-H1
02/13/2022Read first time
02/14/2022Read second time
02/14/2022Committee substitute agreed to 22106450D-H1
02/14/2022Engrossed by House - committee substitute HB1191H1
02/15/2022Read third time and passed House (92-Y 7-N)
02/15/2022VOTE: Passage (92-Y 7-N) (see vote tally)
02/15/2022Impact statement from DPB (HB1191H1)
02/16/2022Constitutional reading dispensed
02/16/2022Referred to Committee on Education and Health
02/24/2022Reported from Education and Health with substitute (15-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
02/24/2022Committee substitute printed 22106949D-S1
02/25/2022Constitutional reading dispensed (39-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
02/28/2022Passed Senate (40-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
02/28/2022Read third time
02/28/2022Reading of substitute waived
02/28/2022Committee substitute agreed to 22106949D-S1
02/28/2022Engrossed by Senate - committee substitute HB1191S1
02/28/2022Passed Senate with substitute (40-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
03/01/2022Impact statement from DPB (HB1191S1)
03/02/2022Senate substitute rejected by House 22106949D-S1 (0-Y 99-N)
03/02/2022VOTE: Rejected (0-Y 99-N) (see vote tally)
03/04/2022Senate insisted on substitute (39-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
03/04/2022Senate requested conference committee
03/07/2022House acceded to request
03/08/2022Conferees appointed by Senate
03/08/2022Senators: Stuart, McPike, Hashmi
03/09/2022Conferees appointed by House
03/09/2022Delegates: Ransone, Ballard, Kory
03/10/2022C Amended by conference committee
03/10/2022Conference substitute printed 22107587D-H2
03/11/2022Passed by temporarily
03/11/2022Conference report agreed to by Senate (39-Y 1-N) (see vote tally)
03/11/2022Conference report agreed to by House (51-Y 47-N)
03/11/2022VOTE: Adoption (51-Y 47-N) (see vote tally)
03/21/2022Bill text as passed House and Senate (HB1191ER)
03/21/2022Signed by President
03/22/2022Signed by Speaker
03/22/2022Enrolled Bill communicated to Governor on March 22, 2022
03/22/2022G Governor's Action Deadline 11:59 p.m., April 11, 2022
03/23/2022Impact statement from DPB (HB1191ER)
04/11/2022G Approved by Governor-Chapter 619 (effective 7/1/22)
04/11/2022G Acts of Assembly Chapter text (CHAP0619)


LRIDD (Legal Reform for the Intellectually and Developmentally Disabled), tracking this bill in Photosynthesis, notes:

OPPOSE this bill that makes the Marcus Alert system optional for local governments. LRIDD worked hard to ensure that we begin the process of removing police from responding to incidents involving a person experiencing a mental health crisis. This needs to be a statewide program if we are to reduce the high incidence of death and injury to individuals and police in these kinds of cases.

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