Higher education; students and student organizations, remedies for certain violations. (HB406)

Introduced By

Del. Nick Freitas (R-Culpeper)


Passed Committee
Passed House
Passed Senate
Signed by Governor
Became Law


Higher education; students and student organizations; remedies for certain violations. Permits any student or student organization aggrieved by a violation of certain provisions of law relating to campus free speech by a public institution of higher education or any employee of such institution acting in his official capacity to (i) bring a cause of action against such institution or employee for appropriate relief, including injunctive relief, monetary damages, reasonable attorney fees, and court costs; (ii) assert such violation as a defense or counterclaim in any disciplinary action or civil or administrative proceeding brought against such student or student organization; and (iii) pursue any other remedy available to such student or student organization. Read the Bill »


Bill Has Failed


01/11/2022Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/12/22 22103237D
01/11/2022Referred to Committee on Education
01/19/2022Assigned Education sub: Higher Education
01/31/2022Subcommittee recommends reporting (6-Y 4-N)
02/02/2022Reported from Education (12-Y 10-N) (see vote tally)
02/04/2022Read first time
02/07/2022Read second time and engrossed
02/08/2022Read third time and passed House (52-Y 47-N)
02/08/2022VOTE: Passage (52-Y 47-N) (see vote tally)
02/09/2022Constitutional reading dispensed
02/09/2022Referred to Committee on Education and Health
02/19/2022Assigned Education sub: Higher Education
03/03/2022Failed to report (defeated) in Education and Health (6-Y 9-N) (see vote tally)