Assault firearms & certain ammunition, etc.; purchase, possession, sale, transfer, etc., prohibited. (HB2)

Introduced By

Del. Dan Helmer (D-Fairfax Station) with support from co-patron Del. Elizabeth Bennett-Parker (D-Alexandria)


Passed Committee
Passed House
Passed Senate
Signed by Governor
Became Law


Purchase, sale, transfer, etc., of assault firearms and certain ammunition feeding devices prohibited; penalty. Creates a Class 1 misdemeanor for any person who imports, sells, manufactures, purchases, or transfers an assault firearm, as that term is defined in the bill, and prohibits a person who has been convicted of such violation from purchasing, possessing, or transporting a firearm for a period of three years from the date of conviction. The bill provides that an assault firearm does not include any firearm that is an antique firearm, has been rendered permanently inoperable, is manually operated by bolt, pump, lever, or slide action, or was manufactured before July 1, 2024. The bill also prohibits the sale of a large capacity ammunition feeding device, as that term is defined in the bill. The bill provides that any person who willfully and intentionally (i) sells an assault firearm to another person or (ii) purchases an assault firearm from another person is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor and that any person who imports, sells, barters, or transfers a large capacity ammunition feeding device is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor. The bill also makes it a Class 1 misdemeanor for any person younger than 21 years of age to import, sell, manufacture, purchase, possess, transport, or transfer an assault firearm regardless of the date of manufacture of such assault firearm. This bill is identical to SB 2. Read the Bill »


The Fiscal Impact Statement states that the estimated cost for the proposed legislation cannot be determined for local adult correctional facilities, adult community corrections programs, juvenile direct care, and juvenile detention facilities. However, for state adult correctional facilities, the legislation is estimated to have a minimum fiscal impact of $50,000. This amount is assigned by the Virginia Criminal Sentencing Commission because the actual cost cannot be determined. The statement also mentions that the fiscal impact only includes the estimated increase in operating costs associated with additional state-responsible prison beds and does not reflect any other costs or savings associated with the legislation.

Summary generated automatically by OpenAI.


Bill Has Failed


11/20/2023Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/10/24 24101034D
11/20/2023Referred to Committee on Public Safety
11/21/2023Impact statement from VCSC (HB2)
01/13/2024Assigned PS sub: Firearms
01/18/2024Subcommittee recommends reporting (6-Y 4-N)
01/18/2024Subcommittee recommends referring to Committee on Appropriations
01/19/2024Reported from Public Safety (11-Y 9-N) (see vote tally)
01/19/2024Referred to Committee on Appropriations
01/20/2024Impact statement from DPB (HB2)
01/21/2024Assigned App. sub: Transportation & Public Safety
01/24/2024Subcommittee recommends reporting with substitute (5-Y 3-N)
01/24/2024House subcommittee amendments and substitutes offered
01/29/2024Reported from Appropriations with substitute (11-Y 10-N) (see vote tally)
01/29/2024Committee substitute printed 24105958D-H1
01/30/2024Impact statement from VCSC (HB2H1)
01/31/2024Read first time
02/01/2024Engrossed by House - committee substitute HB2
02/01/2024Read second time
02/01/2024Committee substitute agreed to 24105958D-H1
02/01/2024Engrossed by House - committee substitute HB2H1
02/02/2024Read third time and passed House (51-Y 49-N)
02/02/2024VOTE: Passage (51-Y 49-N) (see vote tally)
02/05/2024Constitutional reading dispensed
02/05/2024Referred to Committee for Courts of Justice
02/12/2024Impact statement from DPB (HB2H1)
02/19/2024Reported from Courts of Justice with substitute (8-Y 4-N) (see vote tally)
02/19/2024Committee substitute printed 24107889D-S1
02/19/2024Rereferred to Finance and Appropriations
02/21/2024Impact statement from VCSC (HB2S1)
02/23/2024Impact statement from DPB (HB2S1)
02/27/2024Constitutional reading dispensed (39-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
02/27/2024Reported from Finance and Appropriations (10-Y 5-N) (see vote tally)
02/28/2024Read third time
02/28/2024Reading of substitute waived
02/28/2024Committee substitute agreed to 24107889D-S1
02/28/2024Engrossed by Senate - committee substitute HB2S1
02/28/2024Passed Senate with substitute (20-Y 19-N) (see vote tally)
03/01/2024Senate substitute agreed to by House 24107889D-S1 (50-Y 47-N)
03/01/2024VOTE: Adoption (50-Y 47-N) (see vote tally)
03/07/2024Bill text as passed House and Senate (HB2ER)
03/07/2024Signed by Speaker
03/08/2024Signed by President
03/11/2024Enrolled Bill communicated to Governor on March 11, 2024
03/11/2024G Governor's Action Deadline 11:59 p.m., April 8, 2024
03/12/2024Impact statement from DPB (HB2ER)
03/26/2024G Vetoed by Governor
04/17/2024House sustained Governor's veto

Duplicate Bills

The following bills are identical to this one: SB2.


Ron Quasebarth writes:

This needs far more discussion before being taken seriously.

BilltheThril writes:

You can't buy an assault rifle (fully automatic) w/o a special federal license. Political theater.

Rudie Verougstraete writes:

No one who isn't in the military or a member of law enforcement needs an assault rifle. You don't need it for hunting, you don't need it as part of a hobby. And you can't tell me about the wishes of the Founding one could possibly have anticipated guns that can kill hundreds within minutes in their time (and also that stubborn clause about "well regulated militia"). If owning a firearm is truly about self-defense or hunting, rather than projecting a certain image, then a hand gun (or rifle) is sufficient.

WHP writes:

You can't buy an assault rifle (fully automatic) w/o a special federal license. Political theater. The House admits this is a duplicate bill. Vote NO.

David Hunter writes:

The devil is always in the details. If you read into the bill, they are using this definition of assault weapon:

"Assault firearm" means any semi-automatic center-fire rifle or pistol which expels single or multiple projectiles by action of an explosion of a combustible material and is equipped at the time of the offense with a magazine which will hold more than 20 rounds of ammunition or designed by the manufacturer to accommodate a silencer or equipped with a folding stock.

This will effectively outlaw a huge percentage of weapons on the market.

Waldo Jaquith writes:

Boy, I hope so.

I'm a long-time gun owner. I own several. I can't see why in the world I'd ever need more than 20 rounds in a magazine, why I'd need a silencer, or why I'd need a folding stock. But I do know why murderers want those.

Jim Brooks writes:

Bottom line is you are only attempting to govern the law abiding citizen, if a “criminal” wants a weapon,of any type, it will be obtainable now as it has always been. I’m not saying I have the solution but cannot see putting more restrictions on the law abiding citizen is the answer….. when is the last time a criminal has abided by the law…I’m sure this bill will make them follow any type of governing law

Waldo Jaquith writes:

It's really something that guns are the one and only thing that we mustn't pass laws about because criminals don't follow laws. Literally anything else bad, we agree should be illegal. But I can't see why. Hand grenades are illegal, and I have never once heard of a crime being committed with a hand grenade. Anti-hand-grenade laws have been enormously effective, and yet we're to believe that somehow the exact same audience of criminals would be immune to firearms laws?

This is clearly nonsense.

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