Robbery; conforms certain provisions of the Code of VA to the degrees of robbery offenses, etc. (HB77)

Introduced By

Del. Vivian Watts (D-Annandale)


Passed Committee
Passed House
Passed Senate
Signed by Governor
Became Law


Robbery. Conforms certain provisions of the Code referencing robbery to the degrees of robbery offenses established by Chapter 534 of the Acts of Assembly of 2021, Special Session I. These changes include: (i) limiting to the three higher degrees of robbery certain non-robbery crimes for which committing such crime with the intent to commit a robbery is an element of the offenses, (ii) limiting the types of robbery that are included in the definition of "acts of violence" to the two higher degrees of robbery, (iii) clarifying how robbery offenses will be scored on the sentencing guidelines, (iv) allowing persons convicted of the two lesser degrees of robbery to be eligible for conditional release if they are terminally ill and for the enhanced earned sentence credits, (v) allowing persons who are ineligible for parole as a result of being convicted of three certain enumerated offenses to be eligible for parole if convicted of an offense that would constitute robbery by presenting of firearms, and (vi) limiting the application of the three-strikes law to the two higher degrees of robbery and making persons convicted under the three-strikes law eligible for parole if one of the three convictions resulting in the mandatory life sentence would constitute one of the two lesser degrees of robbery. The bill leaves unchanged the current law making all degrees of robbery predicate criminal acts by adding the two lesser degrees of robbery to the definition of "predicate criminal act" and specifying the two higher degrees of robbery are included in the definition of "act of violence." The bill requires the changes made to the eligibility for conditional release of terminally ill prisoners and enhanced earned sentence credits apply retroactively if certain criteria are met. Read the Bill »


This fiscal impact statement does not provide a specific cost estimate for the legislation. It states that the impact on prison bedspace needs is not expected to be significant, and the impact on local and regional jails is unknown at this time. It also states that the bill has no fiscal impact on the Virginia Parole Board.

Summary generated automatically by OpenAI.


Bill Has Failed


12/26/2023Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/10/24 24101214D
12/26/2023Referred to Committee for Courts of Justice
01/16/2024Assigned Courts sub: Criminal
01/30/2024Assigned Courts sub: Criminal
01/31/2024Impact statement from DPB (HB77)
01/31/2024Subcommittee recommends reporting with amendments (5-Y 3-N)
02/02/2024House committee, floor amendments and substitutes offered
02/02/2024Reported from Courts of Justice with amendment(s) (12-Y 9-N) (see vote tally)
02/06/2024Read first time
02/07/2024Read second time
02/07/2024Committee amendments agreed to
02/07/2024Engrossed by House as amended HB77E
02/07/2024Printed as engrossed 24101214D-E
02/08/2024Impact statement from DPB (HB77E)
02/08/2024Read third time and passed House (50-Y 47-N)
02/08/2024VOTE: Passage (50-Y 47-N) (see vote tally)
02/09/2024Constitutional reading dispensed
02/09/2024Referred to Committee for Courts of Justice
02/26/2024Senate committee, floor amendments and substitutes offered
02/26/2024Reported from Courts of Justice with substitute (9-Y 5-N) (see vote tally)
02/26/2024Committee substitute printed 24108326D-S1
02/27/2024Constitutional reading dispensed (39-Y 0-N) (see vote tally)
02/28/2024Read third time
02/28/2024Reading of substitute waived
02/28/2024Committee substitute agreed to 24108326D-S1
02/28/2024Engrossed by Senate - committee substitute HB77S1
02/28/2024Passed Senate with substitute (20-Y 19-N) (see vote tally)
03/01/2024Senate substitute rejected by House 24108326D-S1 (47-Y 50-N)
03/01/2024VOTE: REJECTED (47-Y 50-N) (see vote tally)
03/01/2024Reconsideration of Senate substitute agreed to by House
03/01/2024Senate substitute agreed to by House 24108326D-S1 (49-Y 46-N)
03/01/2024VOTE: Adoption #2 (49-Y 46-N) (see vote tally)
03/05/2024Impact statement from DPB (HB77S1)
03/07/2024Bill text as passed House and Senate (HB77ER)
03/07/2024Impact statement from DPB (HB77ER)
03/07/2024Signed by Speaker
03/08/2024Signed by President
03/11/2024Enrolled Bill communicated to Governor on March 11, 2024
03/11/2024G Governor's Action Deadline 11:59 p.m., April 8, 2024
03/20/2024G Vetoed by Governor
04/17/2024House sustained Governor's veto

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