Del. Chris Jones (R-Suffolk)

Photo of Chris Jones
Party
Republican
District
76: Cities of Chesapeake (part) and Suffolk (part) [map]
Took Office
January 1998
Next Election
November 2019
Committees
Appropriations (Chair), Privileges and Elections, Rules
Website
schrisjones.com
Copatroning Habits
74% of bills he copatroned were introduced by Republicans. Of all of the copatrons of his bills, 64% of them are Republicans. Of all of the copatrons of all of the bills that he also copatroned, 65% of them are Republicans.
Partisanship
?
Tag Cloud ?
Bills Passed
28% in 2019
Recent Mentions in the Media

Davis Enterprise: Community mourns ‘fun teacher’ who championed diversity, respect, love

December 12, 2019 | 12:36 pm
  

Oklahoman.com: High school football: 2019 All-District 6A-II-1 team announced; Gundy named MVP

December 10, 2019 | 4:50 pm
  

Digital Music News: Massive Attack To Help Study Carbon Footprints of Concerts While on Tour

December 3, 2019 | 3:00 am
  

Virginia Business Magazine: By the book

December 2, 2019 | 3:00 am
  

Davis Enterprise: Eva Maria Dopico Serantes

November 29, 2019 | 3:00 am
  

These are all of the video clips of Chris Jones’s remarks on the floor of the House since 2008. There are 266 video clips in all.

Bills

  • HB1700: Budget Bill.
  • HB2354: Revenue Stabilization Fund and Revenue Reserve Fund; maximum amounts.
  • HB2355: Commonwealth's taxation system; conformity with the Internal Revenue Code, Tax Relief Fund.
  • HB2356: Major Headquarters Workforce Grant Fund; created.
  • HB2357: Commonwealth of Virginia Institutions of Higher Education Bond Act of 2019; created.
  • HB2358: Potomac Aquifer recharge monitoring; creates advisory board, laboratory established, SWIFT Project.
  • HB2359: Capital outlay plan; updates six-year plan for projects.
  • HB2360: Bond bills; Governor's required submission.
  • HB2361: Stormwater management; land-disturbing activities, current regulations.
  • HB2362: Advanced Shipbuilding Production Facility Grants; grant availability dates.
  • HB2549: Cluster zoning; density calculation.
  • HB2550: Commonwealth of Virginia Research Consortium Authority; created.
  • HB2602: Consortium Comprehensive Cancer Center Advisory Board; established, report.
  • HJ664: Commending the Joe Bagley Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 2582.
  • HJ665: Commending the Western Branch High School track and field program.
  • HJ666: Commending the Nansemond River High School girls' track and field team.
  • HJ667: Celebrating the life of Stacey Visser Dendy.
  • HJ712: Celebrating the life of the Honorable Frederick MacDonald Quayle.
  • HJ714: Commending the Suffolk Christian Academy softball team.
  • HJ768: Celebrating the life of Alvin W. Anderson, Sr.
  • HJ769: Commending Lonnie Manuel Massey.
  • HJ918: Commending David Rosenberg.
  • HJ1023: Commending Robert J. Austin.
  • HR215: Virginia House of Delegates; salaries, contingent and incidental expenses.
  • HR271: Celebrating the life of Sergeant First Class Joshua Zachary Beale, USA.
  • HB29: Budget Bill.
  • HB30: Budget Bill.
  • HB762: Claims; Danial J Williams, Joseph Jesse Dick, Jr., Eric Cameron Wilson, and Derek Elliot Tice.
  • HB763: Revenue Reserve Fund; created, report.
  • HB764: Consortium Comprehensive Cancer Center Advisory Board; established, report.
  • HB765: Transportation processes in the Commonwealth; responsibilities of transportation entities, funding.
  • HB766: Commonwealth of Virginia Institutions of Higher Education Bond Act of 2018; created.
  • HB767: Elections; precincts not to be changed between certain dates.
  • HB768: Motor vehicle fuels; sales tax in certain regions of the Commonwealth.
  • HB769: Capital outlay plan; updates six-year plan for projects.
  • HB770: Virginia Economic Development Partnership Authority; members of Authority are voting members.
  • HB771: Potomac Aquifer recharge monitoring; creates advisory board and laboratory.
  • HB772: Ground water withdrawal permit term; lengthening to 15 years.
  • HB919: Virginia Community College System; changes to ensure a standard quality of education.
  • HB1467: Virginia Research Investment Committee; change in membership.
  • HB1468: Auditor of Public Accounts; eliminates requirement that the Auditor audit certain entities annually.
  • HB1598: Congressional and state legislative districts; standards and criteria.
  • HJ196: Commending R. Dan Hix.
  • HJ197: Celebrating the life of Ernest A. Winslow. Sr.
  • HJ198: Celebrating the life of James Edwin Turner, Jr.
  • HR7: Commending the Western Branch High School baseball team.
  • HR8: Commending Emerson Puzey.
  • HR9: Commending Martina D. Campbell.
  • HR11: Celebrating the life of Willie Melvin Smith, Jr.
  • HR12: Commending the GFWC Junto Women's Club.
  • HR13: Celebrating the life of Sidney E. Sankey, Jr.
  • HR18: Virginia House of Delegates; salaries, contingent and incidental expenses.
  • HR25: Celebrating the life of Andrew B. Damiani.
  • HR26: Commending St. Paul's Episcopal Church.
  • HR34: Celebrating the life of the Reverend Gregory S. Ryan.
  • HR35: Commending Glebe Episcopal Church.
  • HR54: Celebrating the life of Bishop Clarence Vernie Russell, Sr.
  • HB1065: Ground water conservation incentive program; State Water Control Bd. to establish voluntary program.
  • HB1067: Commonwealth of Virginia Transform I-66 Corridor Outside the Beltway Bond Act of 2016; created.
  • HB1072: Virginia Retirement System; modifies hybrid retirement program.
  • HB1136: Capital outlay plan; revises six-year plan for projects.
  • HB1500: Budget Bill.
  • HB2241: Transportation planning activities; responsibility of Office of Intermodal Planning and Investment.
  • HB2243: Line of Duty Act; clarifies provisions of Act.
  • HB2244: Public-Private Transportation Act of 1995; changes name of Advisory Committee.
  • HB2245: Virginia Research Investment Committee; expands role of Committee.
  • HB2246: Virginia Tax Amnesty Program; established.
  • HB2247: Va. Alcoholic Beverage Control Authority; eligibility of employees for Workforce Transition Act.
  • HB2248: Capital outlay plan; revises six-year plan for projects.
  • HB2249: Virginia State University; revenue-producing capital project.
  • HB2250: Commonwealth of Virginia Institutions of Higher Education Bond Act of 2017; created.
  • HB2251: Virginia Retirement System; establishes an optional defined contribution retirement plan.
  • HB2469: Zoning; delinquent charges.
  • HB2470: Drug Control Act; Schedule II and Schedule V.
  • HB2471: Virginia Economic Development Partnership Authority; membership, powers and duties.
  • HJ796: Commending Mr. Peanut.
  • HJ797: Commending Lakeland High School.
  • HJ798: Commending Mahan Street First Baptist Church.
  • HJ799: Commending the Suffolk-Nansemond Historical Society.
  • HJ800: Commending Ebenezer United Methodist Church.
  • HJ801: Commending the Nansemond River High School baseball team.
  • HJ803: Celebrating the life of Anna Mae Jett Johnson.
  • HJ804: Celebrating the life of Joan Joyce Harrison Nelms.
  • HJ808: Commending Raleigh H. Isaacs, Sr.
  • HR287: Salaries, contingent and incidental expenses.
  • HR315: Celebrating the life of Fred Walker Callis, Sr.
  • HR423: Celebrating the life of Milton R. Liverman.
  • HB29: Budget Bill.
  • HB30: Budget Bill.
  • HB1062: Higher educational institutions; management agreements.
  • HB1063: Bonds for institutions of higher education.
  • HB1064: Virginia Information Technologies Agency; duties and responsibilities, etc.
  • HB1065: Ground water conservation incentive program; State Water Control Bd. to establish voluntary program.
  • HB1066: Disbursement of funds for Confederate gravesites.
  • HB1067: Bonds; tolls on I-66.
  • HB1068: Advanced Shipbuilding Production Facility Grant Program; established, Fund created.
  • HB1069: Tolls; toll collection procedures, fees, etc.
  • HB1070: Toll violations; reciprocity agreements, enforcement.
  • HB1072: Virginia Retirement System; modifies hybrid retirement program.
  • HB1136: Capital outlay plan; revises six-year plan for projects.
  • HB1343: Research & development in the Commonwealth; Va. Research Investment Fund & Committee, created, etc.
  • HB1344: Bonds; certain capital projects.
  • HB1345: Line of Duty Act; revises Act by codifying revisions.
  • HJ140: Commending David L. Bernd.
  • HJ141: Commending George Y. Birdsong.
  • HJ142: Commending the Nansemond-Suffolk Academy football team.
  • HJ151: Early childhood development programs; JLARC to study specific programs.
  • HJ157: Virginia Community College System; Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission to review.
  • HJ198: Commending Little Bethel Baptist Church.
  • HJ199: Commending Nansemond-Suffolk Academy.
  • HJ200: Commending the Nansemond River High School girls' indoor track team.
  • HJ327: Celebrating the life of Antoinette Poulson Williams.
  • HJ328: Celebrating the life of Robert Wesley Harrell, Jr.
  • HJ362: Celebrating the life of Colonel Fred V. Cherry, Sr., USAF, Ret.
  • HJ373: Commending the Nansemond River High School wrestling team.
  • HJ376: Celebrating the life of Richard S. Erdt.
  • HR71: House of Delegates; salaries, contingent and incidental expenses.
  • HB877: Hybrid retirement program; local deferred compensation and cash match plans.
  • HB1400: Budget Bill.
  • HB1886: Public-Private Transportation Act; establishes requirement for finding of public interest.
  • HB1887: Commonwealth Transportation Board; membership, funding, updates annual reporting, and allocations.
  • HB1888: Academic transcripts; suspension or permanent dismissal from institution.
  • HB1889: Airport; charges on ground transportation providers.
  • HB1890: Virginia Retirement System; purchase of service credit for prior service.
  • HB1891: Capital outlay plan; creates a six-year plan.
  • HB1892: Commonwealth of Virginia Institutions of Higher Education Bond Act of 2015; created.
  • HB1969: Virginia Retirement System; cash balance retirement plan.
  • HB2204: Line of Duty Act; codifying revisions to the Act.
  • HB2222: Commonwealth's Attorneys Training Fund; established.
  • HB2323: Information technology projects and services; Chief Information Officer authorized to approve.
  • HJ610: Early childhood development programs; JLARC to study.
  • HJ611: Celebrating the life of Sergeant Charles Calvin Strong, USMC.
  • HJ612: Celebrating the life of William Gerald Saunders, Sr.
  • HJ613: Celebrating the life of Donald Elwood Carter.
  • HJ614: Commending Tara Worley.
  • HJ726: Commending Robert P. Schultze.
  • HJ747: Celebrating the life of the Honorable William Wellington Jones.
  • HR200: House of Delegates; salaries, contingent and incidental expenses.
  • HR275: Commending the Honorable J. Samuel Glasscock.
  • HR276: Commending the Honorable Frederick M. Quayle.
  • HB10: Judges; retirement allowance and service after retirement.
  • HB29: Budget Bill.
  • HB30: Budget Bill.
  • HB869: Commonwealth of Virginia Higher Educational Institutions Bond Act of 2014; created.
  • HB871: Port of Virginia Economic and Infrastructure Development Grant Program; expands existing program.
  • HB873: VA's ports-related tax credits; increases annual amount of international trade facility tax credits.
  • HB876: Virginia Port Authority; changes composition of Board of Commissioners.
  • HB877: Hybrid retirement program; local deferred compensation and cash match plans.
  • HB1075: Political subdivisions, certain; audits.
  • HB1253: Hampton Roads Transportation Accountability Commission; created.
  • HB5001: Budget Bill.
  • HB5002: Budget Bill.
  • HB5003: Budget Bill.
  • HB5010: Appropriation act, general; amendments.
  • HJ103: Virginia's Line of Duty Act; Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission to study.
  • HJ193: Celebrating the life of David William Spanka.
  • HJ194: Commending the Honorable James C. Godwin.
  • HJ296: Commending the Nansemond River Power Squadron and the United States Power Squadrons.
  • HJ316: Commending Claudette Keene Mullins.
  • HJ478: Commending the Nansemond River Garden Club.
  • HJ479: Commending Robert M. Brooks.
  • HJ5170: Commending Virginia Crime Stoppers Association, Inc.
  • HR55: Celebrating the life of Philip Randolph Thomas, M. D.
  • HR56: Commending Planters.
  • HR66: House of Delegates; salaries, contingent and incidental expenses.
  • HR503: House of Delegates; salaries, contingent and incidental expenses.
  • HR511: Commending James J. Riley, Jr.
  • HB741: Public-Private Partnership Advisory Commission; powers.
  • HB1289: Impaired health care providers; amends definition of impairment.
  • HB1689: Public-Private Transportation Act of 1995; approval required for comprehensive agreements.
  • HB1690: Public-Private Transportation Act; definition of transportation facility, port facility excluded.
  • HB1691: Virginia Port Authority; acquisition and lease of property, limitations.
  • HB1692: Public-Private Transportation Act; receipt of competing proposals, disclosure of business points.
  • HB2034: Land preservation tax credit; repealing effective January 1, 2014.
  • HB2038: Fort Monroe Authority; payments in lieu of real property taxes.
  • HB2047: Long-term health care insurance; tax credit not allowed if person claimed fed. income tax deduction.
  • HB2057: Higher educational institutions; memoranda of understanding, etc.
  • HB2079: VA Public Procurement Act; process for competitive sealed bidding and negotiation.
  • HB2188: Line of Duty Act; certain employees to make irrevocable election to self-fund benefits.
  • HB2276: Virginia Port Authority; reform by adding Chief Executive Officer to Board of Commissioners, etc.
  • HB2312: Pharmacies; clarifies definition of compounding, etc.
  • HJ619: Early childhood programs, state-supported; Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission to study.
  • HJ620: Transportation programs; JLARC to study efficiency and sufficiency of funding in State.
  • HJ621: Port of Virginia; JLARC to study competitiveness, efficiency, and governance structure.
  • HJ622: Constitutional amendment; Transportation Funds (first reference).
  • HJ841: Celebrating the life of James Franklin Hope, Sr.
  • HJ909: Constitutional amendment; Transportation Funds (first reference).
  • HJ929: Commending Orion Dunbar.
  • HR159: Celebrating the life of Jack Williams Webb, Sr.
  • HB733: Pharmacists; compounding authority.
  • HB734: Recordation tax; a deed to have amount of consideration stated on its first page of document.
  • HB735: Community-based continuing care (CBCC) providers; required to be registered with SCC.
  • HB736: Primary schedule; moves primary date in anticipation of redistricting process, etc.
  • HB737: Modeling and Simulation Advisory Council; adds two citizen members representing higher education.
  • HB738: Human Resource Management, Department of; health and related insurance for state employees.
  • HB739: Virginia College Savings Plan; JLARC to oversee and evaluate, report.
  • HB740: Line of Duty Act; political subdivisions to make an irrevocable election to self-fund benefits.
  • HB741: Public-Private Partnership Advisory Commission; powers.
  • HB1167: High Performance Buildings Act; created.
  • HB1271: Sexually violent predators; Director of DOC shall develop protocol for assessing prisoner, etc.
  • HB1289: Impaired health care providers; amends definition of impairment.
  • HJ156: Commending Patsy Joyner.
  • HR20: Celebrating the life of David Goodrich Monette.
  • HR47: Celebrating the life of Billy E. Cuddington.
  • HR589: Commending Mark Outlaw.
  • HB987: Stormwater regulation; amends current law.
  • HB2093: Conflict of Interests Act, State & Local Government; prohibited conduct by constitutional officers.
  • HB2094: Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation; updates powers and duties.
  • HB2095: Retirement System; loss of benefits for certain felony convictions.
  • HB2096: Retirement System; benefits for constitutional officers.
  • HB2097: Architect or professional engineers; required to maintain an error and omissions policy.
  • HB2098: Campaign Finance Disclosure Act; conversion of contributions to personal use.
  • HB2465: Virginia Retirement System; defined contribution retirement program for state and local employees.
  • HB2495: Advanced Shipbuilding Training Facility Grant Program; revises Program.
  • HJ651: Commending Norman McIntosh.
  • HJ652: Commending the Lakeland High School field hockey team.
  • HJ662: Celebrating the life of Cora Baxley Thomasson.
  • HJ663: Celebrating the life of Richard Lynn Williamson.
  • HJ664: Celebrating the life of Sam Lorenzo Callis.
  • HJ665: Celebrating the life of Charles Leonard Willis, Sr.
  • HJ773: Commending Virginia's Rx Partnership and its partners.
  • HJ807: Commending Suffolk Christian Church on the occasion of its 150th anniversary.
  • HJ897: Celebrating the life of Clarence W. Burton.
  • HR88: Celebrating the life of Turpin A. Saunders, Jr.
  • HR89: Commending Donald C.J. Gehring.
  • HB950: Charitable gaming; regulations of Charitable Gaming Board, report.
  • HB951: Blackwater River; designates a portion as component of State Scenic Rivers System.
  • HB952: Alcoholic beverages; tasting event to be conducted at government stores under certain circumstances.
  • HB953: Schedule II, III, IV, and V drugs; adds various controlled substances to list.
  • HB983: Contractors, Board for; installation of HVAC systems.
  • HB984: Declarations of estimated tax; changes date that farmers and fishermen must file.
  • HB985: BPOL tax; gross receipts of security brokers and dealers.
  • HB986: Abortion or miscarriage; penalty.
  • HB987: Stormwater regulation; amends current law.
  • HB1387: Campaign finance information and reports; public access.
  • HJ134: Transportation Network of Hampton Roads, Joint Subcommittee Studying; continued.
  • HJ141: Celebrating the life of James L. McLemore III.
  • HJ142: Celebrating the life of Nathan T. Hardee.
  • HJ144: Commending the King's Fork High School boys' basketball team.
  • HJ145: Commending the Nansemond-Suffolk Academy football team.
  • HJ146: Commending Virginia's Rx Partnership and its partners.
  • HJ206: Celebrating the life of George Barnett, Sr.
  • HJ230: Celebrating the life of Jerrell Gideon Huneycutt.
  • HJ267: Celebrating the life of Betty Cross Pretlow.
  • HJ490: Commending the Nansemond-Suffolk Volunteer Rescue Squad.
  • HB2210: Enforcement of traffic light signals; allows law-enforcement officers to arrest or detain persons.
  • HB2211: Prescription Monitoring Program; disclosure of information.
  • HB2212: Automated drug dispensing systems; allows drugs in multi-dose packaging to be placed therein.
  • HB2213: Baylor Grounds; removes Marine Resources authority to grant easement for natural gas pipeline.
  • HB2214: Bulk donation programs; pharmacy may charge reasonable dispensing or administrative fee.
  • HB2215: Economic Development Authority; allows City of Suffolk to increase size of board of directors.
  • HB2216: Subdivision ordinance; delete City of Suffolk from locality that shall provide reasonable provision.
  • HB2217: Board for Architects, Professional Engineers, etc.; required insurance for certain licensees.
  • HB2218: Soil and water conservation district directors; notice of election.
  • HB2639: Freedom of Information Act; exempts certain records of Department of Veterans Services, etc.
  • HB2640: Criminal Justice Services Board; increase of membership.
  • HB2647: Cemetery Board; exemptions from licensure.
  • HB2648: Absentee ballots; methods for counting.
  • HJ711: Transportation Network of Hampton Roads, Joint Subcommittee studying; continued.
  • HJ712: Craney Island Eastward Expansion Project; U.S. Congress urged to appropriate its funds to construct.
  • HJ737: Commending Southside Baptist Church on the occasion of its 50th anniversary
  • HJ930: Celebrating the life of J. Irving Baines.
  • HJ1037: Celebrating the life of Ollie J. Amon, Jr.
  • HJ1038: Celebrating the life of Peggy Brown Byrd.
  • HB1123: Real estate and personal property taxes; applied to property of public service corporations, etc.
  • HB1124: Virginia Commonwealth University; management agreement with State.
  • HB1125: Port Authority; Marine Resources Commission to grant easements and rights-of-way.
  • HB1126: Abortion or miscarriage; intent to destroy unborn child, penalty.
  • HB1127: Campaign finance disclosure; required special reports for certain large contributions.
  • HB1128: Pharmacists; continuing education requirements.
  • HB1129: Pharmacy, Board of; expiration of licenses.
  • HB1130: VDOT logo signs; businesses that cater to recreational vehicle users.
  • HB1367: Freedom of Information Act; exemption for local government investment pool.
  • HB1368: Judges, substitute or retired; increases per diem compensation.
  • HJ159: U.S. Route 460 Communications Committee; extends mandate, report.
  • HJ187: Celebrating the life of Howard Nathaniel Williams.
  • HJ188: Celebrating the life of Obadiah Colander.
  • HJ189: Celebrating the life of Herman T. Benn.
  • HJ190: Celebrating the life of the Reverend Dr. Thelma Norfleet.
  • HJ191: Commending Chums Club of Suffolk on the occasion of its 70th anniversary.
  • HJ194: Hampton Roads; joint subcommittee to study transportation network.
  • HJ359: Commending Nick Manning.
  • HB293: Campaign finance disclosure; reporting requirements.
  • HB296: Campaign finance disclosure; valuation of certain campaign contributions.
  • HB735: Campaign finance disclosure; requirement to close certain candidate campaign accounts.
  • HB1631: Feticide; penalty.
  • HB2645: Charter; City of Suffolk.
  • HB2647: Persons under disability; shall not include an incarcerated person.
  • HB2648: Abortion or miscarriage; intent to produce or cause.
  • HB2649: Pharmacy, Board of; grounds for discipline.
  • HB2650: Campaign finance disclosure; clarifies certain definitions and reporting requirements.
  • HB2651: State employees; removes reference to Milliman & Robertson's guidelines from Code.
  • HB3005: Natural gas pipeline; Marine Resources Commission to grant easements and rights-of-way.
  • HJ731: Celebrating the life of James S. Carter.
  • HJ936: Celebrating the life of James Robert Bennett.
  • HR62: Celebrating the life of the Reverend Dr. Clarence James Word.
  • HB12: Retail Sales and Use Tax; exemptions include certain school-related items.
  • HB290: Pharmacy, Board of; specific powers and duties.
  • HB291: Campaign finance; special disclosure requirements for certain large contributions; civil penalties.
  • HB292: Campaign finance disclosure; exemptions.
  • HB293: Campaign finance disclosure; reporting requirements.
  • HB294: Campaign finance disclosure; independent expenditures.
  • HB295: Campaign finance disclosure; statements of organization and petty cash funds.
  • HB296: Campaign finance disclosure; valuation of certain campaign contributions.
  • HB297: Campaign finance disclosure; special reports of large pre-election contributions.
  • HB298: Airport fees and charges; limits authority to impose off-site fees.
  • HB299: Registered pharmacy tech.; authorized to accept oral prescriptions for certain radiopharmaceuticals.
  • HB300: Physician assistants; provides that they may sign various forms and certificates, etc.
  • HB301: Absentee ballot applications; submission thereof to local registrars through official website.
  • HB302: Nonresident pharmacies; inspections for those seeking registrations to conduct business.
  • HB303: Incarcerated persons; person under disability excluded for purposes of executing wills, etc.
  • HB734: Community College Transfer Grant Program Fund; created.
  • HB735: Campaign finance disclosure; requirement to close certain candidate campaign accounts.
  • HB972: Campaign Finance Disclosure Act of 2006; reorganizes and clarifies provisions thereof.
  • HB973: Income tax, state; senior citizen tax relief.
  • HB1467: Freedom of Information Act; open meeting exemption, information gathered by or for Port Authority.
  • HB1468: Judges, substitute and retired; increases per diem.
  • HB5072: Hampton Roads Transportation Authority; created, report.
  • HJ32: Campaign Finance Disclosure Act; Board of Elections to continue its review thereof.
  • HJ33: Route 460 Communications Committee; cont. until commencement of construction of 460 project, report.
  • HJ84: Celebrating the life of Sergeant Bradley J. Harper.
  • HJ93: Commending the Deep Creek High School boys' track team.
  • HJ177: Celebrating the life of De'vounce White.
  • HJ242: Commending Planters on the occasion of its 100th anniversary.
  • HJ329: Celebrating the life of Earl Hundley.
  • HJ353: Commending Bruce Franklin Jamerson.
  • HJ368: Celebrating the life of William A. Shaw.
  • HJ369: Celebrating the life of Raymond O. Johnson, Sr.
  • HR37: Celebrating the life of Warren C. Spivey, Jr.