Delegate Vivian Watts (D-Annandale)

Photo of Vivian Watts
Party
Democratic
District
39: County of Fairfax (part) [map]
Took Office
January 1996
Next Election
November 2015
Committees
Courts of Justice, Finance, Science and Technology
Website
vivianwatts.com
Copatroning Habits
68% of bills she copatroned were introduced by Democrats. Of all of the copatrons of her bills, 82% of them are Democrats. Of all of the copatrons of all of the bills that she also copatroned, 56% of them are Democrats.
Partisanship
?
Tag Cloud ?
Bills Passed
22.2% in 2014
Campaign Contributions
$20,187.00 cash on hand (May 2013 report)
Top 10 Donors
NV Association of Realtors Realtors Fairfax $1,000
Dominion PAC electric utility PAC Richmond $1,000
Verizon Communications telephones Richmond $1,000
Toll Road Investors Partnership II, L.P. Private Highway company Sterling $500
Huntington Ingalls - Newport News Shipbuilding Developer Security Systems, Military Newport News $500
VA Education Association teachers Richmond $500
VA Society of Anesthsiologists PAC Anesthesiologists Richmond $500
VA Health Care Association PAC Nursing Homes PAC Richmond $500
HCA for Good Government Hospitals Richmond $500
VA Credit Union League Credit Unions Lynchburg $500

Get a list of all contributions as CSV or JSON.

Recent Mentions in the Media

Daily Press: Court docket for vets goes down in House

February 19, 2015
Del. Vivian Watts, a Democrat who represents part of Fairfax County, said failing to pass Reeves' bill would put the Fairfax system "in limbo." Bell and others on the subcommittee said the bill would have judges treat veterans differently than other ...

Town Hall: Video: Virginia Democrats Flee Chamber to Avoid Pro-Israel Vote

February 19, 2015
Being an elected Democrat is treacherous business these days when it comes to the subject of US-Israeli relations. On one hand, Israel is a beacon of democratic pluralism, tolerance and modernity in a very rough neighborhood, and an extremely close ...VIDEO: Virginia Dems Flee Richmond Chamber to Avoid Voting on Pro-Israel ...Fox News (blog)all 3 news articles »

Washington Free Beacon: Virginia Dems Run Away From Vote to Support Israel

February 17, 2015
Rather than voting on a resolution that encouraged support for Israel from the Commonwealth of Virginia, a group of Democrats in the state's House of Delegates instead chose to leave the chamber for the vote. The resolution presented by Republican Del.and more »

Virginia Connection Newspapers: General Assembly Session Approaches

January 20, 2015
#?When we tackled that last year, a significant number in the General Assembly really felt that however ill-advised, the governor wouldn't be convicted,? said Del. Vivian Watts (D-39). ?The conviction made everyone realize it doesn't matter how ...

Virginia Connection Newspapers: Delegates, senators and Fairfax County community leaders reflect on priorities ...

January 15, 2015
#?When we tackled that last year, a significant number in the General Assembly really felt that however ill-advised, the governor wouldn't be convicted,? said Del. Vivian Watts (D-39). ?The conviction made everyone realize it doesn't matter how ...and more »

These are all of the video clips of Vivian Watts’s remarks on the floor of the House since 2009. There are 182 video clips in all.

Index

Jan 15, 2009Jan 16, 2009Jan 16, 2009Jan 16, 2009Jan 16, 2009Jan 16, 2009Jan 16, 2009Jan 16, 2009Jan 16, 2009Jan 22, 2009Jan 28, 2009Jan 28, 2009Jan 29, 2009Jan 29, 2009Feb 02, 2009Feb 04, 2009Feb 04, 2009Feb 04, 2009Feb 04, 2009Feb 06, 2009Feb 06, 2009Feb 09, 2009Feb 09, 2009Feb 09, 2009Feb 09, 2009Feb 10, 2009Feb 10, 2009Feb 20, 2009Feb 20, 2009Feb 25, 2009Feb 25, 2009Feb 26, 2009Jan 21, 2010Jan 21, 2010Jan 27, 2010Feb 01, 2010Feb 01, 2010Feb 02, 2010Feb 02, 2010Feb 04, 2010Feb 11, 2010Feb 11, 2010Feb 12, 2010Feb 12, 2010Feb 12, 2010Feb 15, 2010Feb 15, 2010Feb 15, 2010Feb 15, 2010Feb 15, 2010Feb 19, 2010Feb 26, 2010Mar 01, 2010Mar 03, 2010Mar 04, 2010Mar 08, 2010Mar 10, 2010Mar 10, 2010Mar 11, 2010Mar 12, 2010Mar 13, 2010Apr 21, 2010Apr 21, 2010Jan 12, 2011Jan 19, 2011Jan 21, 2011Jan 24, 2011Jan 24, 2011Jan 25, 2011Jan 26, 2011Jan 28, 2011Feb 01, 2011Feb 02, 2011Feb 03, 2011Feb 03, 2011Feb 03, 2011Feb 04, 2011Feb 08, 2011Feb 09, 2011Feb 09, 2011Feb 10, 2011Feb 10, 2011Feb 16, 2011Feb 16, 2011Feb 17, 2011Feb 17, 2011Feb 21, 2011Feb 21, 2011Feb 22, 2011Feb 23, 2011Feb 24, 2011Feb 24, 2011Feb 24, 2011Feb 26, 2011Feb 26, 2011Jan 16, 2012Jan 17, 2012Jan 18, 2012Jan 18, 2012Jan 30, 2012Jan 30, 2012Jan 30, 2012Jan 30, 2012Jan 30, 2012Jan 30, 2012Jan 31, 2012Jan 31, 2012Jan 31, 2012Feb 01, 2012Feb 01, 2012Feb 02, 2012Feb 03, 2012Feb 06, 2012Feb 06, 2012Feb 07, 2012Feb 07, 2012Feb 08, 2012Feb 08, 2012Feb 09, 2012Feb 10, 2012Feb 14, 2012Feb 14, 2012Feb 14, 2012Feb 23, 2012Feb 28, 2012Feb 28, 2012Feb 29, 2012Feb 29, 2012Feb 29, 2012Mar 01, 2012Mar 01, 2012Mar 01, 2012Mar 02, 2012Mar 05, 2012Mar 08, 2012Mar 08, 2012Mar 08, 2012Mar 08, 2012Mar 10, 2012Mar 10, 2012Apr 17, 2012Apr 18, 2012Apr 18, 2012Apr 18, 2012Jan 17, 2013Jan 21, 2013Jan 22, 2013Jan 22, 2013Jan 28, 2013Jan 29, 2013Feb 04, 2013Feb 04, 2013Feb 04, 2013Feb 04, 2013Feb 04, 2013Feb 04, 2013Feb 04, 2013Feb 05, 2013Feb 05, 2013Feb 06, 2013Feb 08, 2013Feb 11, 2013Jan 21, 2014Jan 21, 2014Jan 22, 2014Jan 23, 2014Jan 23, 2014Jan 23, 2014Jan 23, 2014Jan 24, 2014Jan 27, 2014Feb 07, 2014Feb 11, 2014Feb 18, 2014Mar 07, 2014Mar 07, 2014Mar 07, 2014Apr 23, 2014Apr 23, 2014Apr 23, 2014Jan 14, 2015Jan 30, 2015

Bills

  • HB627: Incapacitated persons; fraud or coercion in sales of products or services, penalty.
  • HB1538: Voter identification; reasonable match of identification and pollbook name.
  • HB1541: Birth control; definition.
  • HB1577: Veteran Employment Grant Fund and Program; created.
  • HB1578: DNA data bank; State Police to verify receipt of samples from persons on the Sex Offender Registry.
  • HB1580: Bar exam; preservation of examination papers, copies available to applicant.
  • HB1581: Family life education; advance directives related to mental health.
  • HB1582: Adult abuse, neglect, or exploitation, suspected; mandated reporters.
  • HB1583: Certified nurse aides; education programs.
  • HB1596: Prostitution; affirmative defense to prosecution.
  • HB1598: Conflicts of Interests Acts, State and Local Government and General Assembly; prohibited gifts.
  • HB1601: Uniform Interstate Family Support Act (UIFSA); amends Act to modify current version.
  • HB1602: Child support; DSS to prorate payments on the basis of amounts due.
  • HB1762: Retail sales and transient occupancy taxes; room rentals, lodgings, etc.
  • HB2067: Daylighted streams; not required to become Resource Protection Area.
  • HJ599: Highway construction allocations; JLARC to study.
  • HB564: Voter identification; reasonable match of identification and pollbook name.
  • HB565: Birth control; definition.
  • HB566: Condominium and Property Owners' Association Acts; assessment of late fee not paid within 60 days.
  • HB567: Sexual battery; touching a person's intimate parts, etc., penalty.
  • HB568: Nursing homes; increases staffing and care standards.
  • HB569: Estate tax; reinstates tax for persons dying on or after July 1,2014.
  • HB623: Electric, hybrid electric, and alternative fuel motor vehicles; annual road usage fee.
  • HB624: Protective orders; companion animals.
  • HB625: Conflict of Interests Act, State and Local Government; statements of economic interests.
  • HB626: Highway systems; allocation of funds.
  • HB627: Incapacitated persons; fraud or coercion in sales of products or services, penalty.
  • HB933: Child support; update to guidelines.
  • HB1156: Full-time equivalent teaching positions; divisionwide ratio of students in average daily membership
  • HB1222: First responders; mental health education and training.
  • HJ160: Commending Melissa A. Porfirio.
  • HJ302: Celebrating the life of Frederick A. Renninger, Jr.
  • HR82: Commending Melissa A. Porfirio.
  • HR86: Commending Hillary Press.
  • HB1172: Human Rights Council; authority to act.
  • HB1454: Safe deposit boxes; bank or other entity to permit limited access by deceased lessee's spouse, etc.
  • HB1455: Elderly or incapacitated adults; financial exploitation, penalty is a Class 3 felony.
  • HB1456: House of Delegates Districts; technical adjustments in Fairfax County.
  • HB1457: Estate tax; reinstates for persons dying on or after July 1, 2013.
  • HB1458: TANF; assistance when convicted of drug-related felony.
  • HB1465: Prostitution, forced; expungement of charges.
  • HB1471: Assisted living facilities; residents permitted to vote absentee.
  • HB1472: Transportation; funding and administration.
  • HB1540: Handheld personal communications devices; unlawful to use in specified school property or crossing.
  • HB1541: Prostitution, forced; expungement of charges.
  • HB1595: Condominium and Property Owners' Association Acts; imposition of late fees for assessments, etc.
  • HB1643: Protective orders; exempt from stay pending appeal.
  • HB1644: Birth control; definition.
  • HB2333: Transportation; funding and administration.
  • HJ584: Constitutional amendment; Transportation Funds.
  • HB408: Real property tax; exemption for elderly and disabled.
  • HB409: Financial exploitation of elderly or incapacitated adults; guilty of a Class 5 felony, etc.
  • HB410: Condominium and Property Owners' Association Acts; recovery of attorney fees, costs, and interest.
  • HB411: Condominium and Property Owners' Association Acts; recovery of costs and interest.
  • HB412: Condominium and Property Owners' Association Acts; foreclosure on lien for unpaid assessments.
  • HB413: Sex Offender and Crimes Against Minors Registry; prohibited publication of employment information.
  • HB414: Safe deposit boxes; bank to permit limited access upon death of lessee.
  • HB415: Wireless telecommunications device; prohibits using while operating a moving motor vehicle, penalty.
  • HB416: Sex Offender and Crimes Against Minors Registry Act; procedural changes.
  • HB417: Polling places; prohibited campaign area.
  • HB418: Condominium and Property Owners' Association Acts; imposition of late fees on assessments.
  • HB419: Estate tax; reinstated for persons dying on or after July 1, 2012.
  • HB420: Eligibilty for TANF; drug-related felonies.
  • HB421: Standards of Quality; apportionment of state and local share.
  • HB422: Transportation; additional funding by imposing and increasing certain taxes.
  • HB1171: Electoral college; candidates for President who win popular vote will receive votes of electors.
  • HB1172: Human Rights Council; authority to act.
  • HB1188: Human trafficking; Board of Education to provide information for public schools.
  • HB1266: Child abuse; mandatory reporting by employees of certain public organizations, penalty.
  • HJ71: Constitutional amendment; Transportation Funds.
  • HJ306: Commending Karen Dickerson.
  • HB226: TANF; eligibility of assistance when convicted of drug-related felonies.
  • HB347: Anesthesia; hospitals develop procedure for discharge of individuals who had procedures requiring.
  • HB808: State and local transportation planning; provides for coordination with DRPT.
  • HB1627: Common Interest Community Board; annual payment by common interest communities.
  • HB1628: Sex Offender and Crimes Against Minors Registry Act; makes procedural changes.
  • HB1629: Game and Inland Fisheries, Department of; parking violations on their properties, civil penalty.
  • HB1630: Cell phones or other wireless telecommunications devices; prohibited use while driving, exception.
  • HB1631: Highway maintenance; payments to cities and towns.
  • HB1632: TANF; eligibility of assistance when convicted of drug-related felonies.
  • HB1633: Financial exploitation of elderly or vulnerable adults; penalty.
  • HB1747: Child pornography; possession by law-enforcement agency.
  • HB1892: Northern Virginia Transportation Authority Sales & Use Tax Fund; established, etc.
  • HB1893: Abduction; penalty when person recruits, etc., child under 16 years of age for prostitution.
  • HB1894: Condominium and Property Owners' Association Acts; foreclosure on lien for unpaid assessments.
  • HB1895: Illegal immigrants; document verification for employment, penalty for false representation.
  • HB2484: Standards of Quality; apportionment of state and local share.
  • HJ572: Constitutional amendment; Transportation Funds (first reference).
  • HJ597: Celebrating the life of Robert Andrew Fleming, Jr.
  • HJ609: Continuing care retirement communities; SCC to study management & need for resident representation.
  • HJ918: Celebrating the life of Carl Douglas Adams.
  • HB220: Polling places; clarifies exemption allowing a voter to enter wearing apparel with candidate's name.
  • HB221: Handheld personal communication device; person guilty of careless driving unless in hands-free mode.
  • HB222: Secondary highway system; VDOT & DRPT to review new design standards components therefor.
  • HB223: Estate tax; dedication of revenues collected.
  • HB224: Highways; payments to cities and towns for maintenance.
  • HB225: Standards of Quality; apportionment of state and local share.
  • HB226: TANF; eligibility of assistance when convicted of drug-related felonies.
  • HB227: Sex offender; prohibiting entry onto school property of those that are violent, exceptions.
  • HB228: Personal property tax relief; deletes requirement that vehicle held in trust can qualify.
  • HB229: Driver's license, provisional; restriction for those transporting up to three children under age 15.
  • HB230: Motor fuels tax rate increase; allocation of construction funds for primary highway system.
  • HB346: Small Estate Act; revises by repealing related provisions in Code.
  • HB347: Anesthesia; hospitals develop procedure for discharge of individuals who had procedures requiring.
  • HB348: Common Interest Community Board; increase in annual assessment.
  • HB349: Veterans services agencies; designees for certain ex officio members.
  • HB468: Common interest communities; exemptions from licensure, powers and duties.
  • HB469: War Memorial Foundation; inclusion in Virginia War Memorial.
  • HB470: Condominium and Property Owners' Association Acts; foreclosure on lien for unpaid assessments.
  • HB808: State and local transportation planning; provides for coordination with DRPT.
  • HB809: Criminal Injuries Compensation Fund; dangerous and vicious dogs.
  • HB1232: License plates, special; issuance to supporters of Washington Capitals hockey team.
  • HJ69: Constitutional amendment; Transportation Funds (first reference).
  • HJ482: Celebrating the life of John Gruber Fox.
  • HB279: Small Estate Act; updates certain banking and fiduciary statutes to make them consistent with Act.
  • HB280: Decedent's will; unsupervised probate.
  • HB465: Real estate tax; exemptions for certain elderly and disabled persons with income limits.
  • HB473: Income tax, state; subtraction for National Guard or Reserve personnel pay.
  • HB1049: Income tax, state; deduction for licensed medical caregivers.
  • HB1895: Estate tax; reinstates federal credit amount State would receive payments from deaths.
  • HB1896: Absentee voting; adds persons disabled & entitled to request assistance in voting who are age 65.
  • HB1897: Visitation, supervised; contact between parent & child that occurs with court-approved supervisor.
  • HB1898: Sex Offender and Crimes Against Minors Registry Act; registration requirements.
  • HB1899: Jury commissioners; changes date which judge of circuit court may appoint jury commissioners.
  • HB1900: Common Interest Community Board; allowed to assess monetary penalty paid to Fund.
  • HB2192: Virginia War Memorial; term killed in action to include any deployed active duty military personnel.
  • HB2193: Nursing homes; report quarterly to Dept. of Health direct care service hours provided.
  • HB2194: Motor fuels tax; rate increase used for transportation purposes.
  • HB2195: Income tax; in-home health care tax credit.
  • HB2196: Income tax, state; deduction for certified nursing assistants and home health aides.
  • HB2197: Assistance for certain voters; provides certain procedures in language other than English.
  • HB2198: Standards of Quality; apportionment of state & local share for costs of giving educational programs.
  • HB2199: Veterans Services Foundation; Board of Trustees may be removed by appointing authority.
  • HB2614: Absentee ballot; delete requirement that voter print full residence address on envelope with ballot.
  • HJ788: Day of Remembrance; designating April 21, 2009, and each succeeding year thereafter.
  • HJ905: Celebrating the life of Sami Azzam Kalifa.
  • HB275: Motor fuels tax; rate increase.
  • HB276: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF); noncash benefits.
  • HB277: Traffic control measures; allows installation and application on secondary system components.
  • HB278: Decedent; identification of body by next of kin.
  • HB279: Small Estate Act; updates certain banking and fiduciary statutes to make them consistent with Act.
  • HB280: Decedent's will; unsupervised probate.
  • HB465: Real estate tax; exemptions for certain elderly and disabled persons with income limits.
  • HB466: Zoning ordinance; administrator or locality may record a memorandum of lis pendens to enforce.
  • HB467: Voting equipment; authorizes wireless communications after polls are closed to transmit results.
  • HB468: Special license plates for immediate family members of persons who have died in military service.
  • HB469: Motor vehicle license fees; prohibits dealers from collecting in certain localities.
  • HB470: Loitering; prohibited in right-of-way of certain highways with posted signs.
  • HB471: Highway construction, primary system; funds allocation.
  • HB472: Income tax, state, and personal property tax; local piggyback imposition.
  • HB473: Income tax, state; subtraction for National Guard or Reserve personnel pay.
  • HB573: Visitation, supervised;restrictions and conditions necessary to minimize any risk of harm to child.
  • HB574: Child sexual offenses; creates number of new crimes labeled indecent liberties with children.
  • HB575: Consumer Protection Act; prohibited acts by a contractor.
  • HB576: Mental health records; health provider shall disclose information to provide care, etc. of minor.
  • HB1043: Polygraph; no sexual offense victim shall be requested to submit for investigation to proceed.
  • HB1044: Sex Offenders and Crimes Against Minors Registry; registration requirements.
  • HB1045: Real estate tax; exemptions and deferrals for certain residential or farm property.
  • HB1046: Nursing homes; Board of Health to establish staffing levels.
  • HB1047: Illegal immigrants; document verification for employment.
  • HB1048: Education; computation of composite index.
  • HB1049: Income tax, state; deduction for licensed medical caregivers.
  • HB1050: Income tax, state; in-home health care tax credit.
  • HB1051: Medical malpractice; definition of professional services.
  • HB1201: Motor Vehicle Dealer Board; executive director and staff employees of DMV.
  • HB1202: Towing and Recovery Operators, Board for; executive director and staff to be employees of DMV.
  • HJ87: Real estate tax; joint subcommittee to study treatment of income & asset qualifications for relief.
  • HJ98: Bus rapid transit corridors; joint subcommittee to study establishment thereof in Northern VA.
  • HJ153: Public-Private Transportation Act of 1995; study competitive bidding on projects thereunder.
  • HJ473: Celebrating the life of Mary Karen Read.
  • HB1067: Illegal immigrants; document verification for employment, penalty.
  • HB2278: Standards of Quality; computation of composite index.
  • HB2279: Sexual offenses; creates number of new crimes labeled indecent liberties against child, etc.
  • HB2280: Highway construction funds; allocations for primary highways.
  • HB2281: Highway maintenance allocations; funds for primary, secondary, and urban systems.
  • HB2282: Military Survivors and Dependents Education Program; surviviors/dependents be admitted free.
  • HB2283: Real estate tax; deferral of tax for certain elderly and disabled.
  • HB2284: Income tax, corporate; filing of withholding tax returns.
  • HB2285: License plates, special; issuance of those bearing legend: DRIVING AMERICA'S FUTURE.
  • HB2286: Loitering; prohibited in the rights-of-way of certain highways.
  • HB2287: Absentee voting; alternative procedures to expedite counting.
  • HB2288: VDOT et al; no regulation can require seperate as-built permits for utility located in certain area.
  • HB2289: Driver's license; notice of revocation.
  • HB2290: Nursing Facility Quality Improvement Program; Director of DMAS to establish program thereof.
  • HB2605: Illegal immigrants; document verification for employment of, penalty.
  • HB2606: Motor fuels tax; rate increase.
  • HB2607: Nursing homes; requires Board of Health to establish staffing standards therein.
  • HB2608: Income tax, state; deduction for licensed medical caregivers.
  • HB2609: Income tax, state; in-home health care tax credit.
  • HB2610: Vehicle registration; increases fees for those not designed to transport passengers for farming.
  • HB2611: Income and personal property taxes; localities to impose.
  • HB2612: TANF; eligibility for benefits if convicted of drug-related felonies.
  • HB2613: Standards of Quality; reduces current pupil-teacher ratio in kindergarten.
  • HB2636: Geriatric mental health care services; DMHMRSAS to develop pilot program therefor.
  • HJ68: Constitutional amendment; exempts certain property from taxation (first reference).
  • HJ648: Absentee ballots; joint subcommittee to study processing thereof before election day.
  • HJ649: Electronic personal health records; Joint Commission on Health Care to study increased use thereof.
  • HJ716: Constitutional amendment; homestead exemption from property taxation (first reference).
  • HJ940: Commending Annandale Christian Community for Action on the occasion of its 40th anniversary.
  • HJ941: Commending Mount Pleasant Baptist Church on the occasion of its 140th anniversary
  • HB578: Income tax and personal property tax; allows localities to impose.
  • HB579: Income tax, state; deduction for individuals of incarcerated family members.
  • HB580: Highway system construction funds; allocation among districts.
  • HB581: Motor fuel tax; rate increase.
  • HB582: Standards of Quality; changes current pupil-teacher ratio in grades K-3.
  • HB583: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families; person not ineligible due to drug possession conviction.
  • HB584: Education; Computation of composite index.
  • HB585: Sex offenses; indecent liberties against child under age 13, considered Class 4 felony.
  • HB586: Hospitals, nursing homes, etc.; guidelines for staffing.
  • HB587: Absentee voting & ballot applications; persons 65 or older & any disabled person may vote absentee.
  • HB588: Machete; illegal to brandish machete in threatening manner, penalty.
  • HB589: Blue Star Memorial Highway; designating as portion of Old Keene Mill Road in Fairfax County.
  • HB590: Machete; illegal to brandish in manner as to induce fear, penalty.
  • HB1061: Bear parts; sale thereof allowed when legally hunted.
  • HB1062: Geriatric mental health services, specialized; DMHMRSAS to develop pilot program.
  • HB1063: Driver's licenses, special identification cards, etc.; use of adoption decrees for applications.
  • HB1064: Health insurance; state to offer a supplemental health coverage program.
  • HB1065: Campaign finance disclosure; revises & increases civil penalties of filing incomplete reports.
  • HB1066: Sex offenders; prohibits those convicted of offense against minor from residing with unless related.
  • HB1067: Illegal immigrants; document verification for employment, penalty.
  • HB1445: Parent; amends incest statute to include step-parents, etc.
  • HB1446: Income tax, state; deduction for licensed medical caregivers.
  • HB1447: Dealers in firearms; expands definition of firearms show.
  • HB1448: Alcoholic beverages; wine and beer licenses and certain restaurant licenses.
  • HB1449: Income tax, state; in-home health care tax credit.
  • HJ68: Constitutional amendment; exempts certain property from taxation (first reference).
  • HJ236: Commending Judge Jane Pritchard Becker Delbridge
  • HJ257: Celebrating the life of Rebecca Jeffers Guthrie.
  • HJ449: Commending Crestwood Elementary School on the occasion of its 50th anniversary.
  • HJ495: Commending Wakefield Forest Elementary School on the occasion of its 50th anniversary.
  • HJ506: Commending North Springfield Elementary School on the occasion of its 50th anniversary.
  • HJ5107: Celebrating the life of Helen Lynch.